Note: you will need the "oldheb.ttf" (old Hebrew) and the SGreek Mediuim fonts to see the Hebrew and Greek text, as well as the three English fonts: Cooper Black, Impact and Frontlight MT Light. Right click the links and choose "Save Target As". Then go to the file, right click it and choose "install".


SGreek Medium

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The famous account of Purim is in the book of Esther. The Jews were still in captivity in the Babylonian Empire, until King Ahasuerus took over the kingdom. The king had a banquet one night and asked for Queen Vashti to come and display herself before him and his guest, but refused. Then the king decreed to have a beauty contest to see who would be his next queen in place of Vashti. Hasadah was of the line of Benjamin, who was living with her Benjamite uncle, Mordechai. Hadassah became one of the contenders, because she was fair of form. Mordechai had her name changed to Esther to cover her Jewish identity. She won the beauty contest and became his next queen. The story continues.

Esther 3:1-15

Est 3:1 After these things did king Ahasuerus promote ta-Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, and advanced him, and set ta-his seat above all the princes that were with him. 2 And all the king's servants, that were in the king's gate, bowed, and reverenced Haman: for the king had so commanded concerning him. But Mordecai bowed not, nor did him reverence. 3 Then the king's servants, which were in the king's gate, said unto Mordecai, Why transgressest thou ta the king's commandment? 4 Now it came to pass, when they spake daily unto him, and he hearkened not unto them, that they told Haman, to see whether Mordecai's matters would stand: for he had told them that he was a Jew. 5 And when Haman saw that Mordecai bowed not, nor did him reverence, then was Haman full of wrath. 6 And he thought scorn to lay hands on Mordecai alone; for they had shewed him ta-the people of Mordecai: wherefore Haman sought to destroy ta-all the Jews that were throughout the whole kingdom of Ahasuerus, even the people of Mordecai. 7 In the first month, that is, the month Nisan, in the twelfth year of king Ahasuerus, they cast Pur, that is, the lot, before Haman from day to day, and from month to month, to the twelfth month, that is, the month Adar. 8 And Haman said unto king Ahasuerus, There is a certain people scattered abroad and dispersed among the people in all the provinces of thy kingdom; and their laws are diverse from all people; neither keep they ta-the king's laws: therefore it is not for the king's profit to suffer them. 9 If it please the king, let it be written that they may be destroyed: and I will pay ten thousand talents of silver to the hands of those that have the charge of the business, to bring it into the king's treasuries. 10 And the king took ta-his ring from his hand, and gave it unto Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, the Jews' enemy. 11 And the king said unto Haman, The silver is given to thee, the people also, to do with them as it seemeth good to thee. 12 Then were the king's scribes called on the thirteenth day of the first month, and there was written according to all that Haman had commanded unto the king's lieutenants, and to the governors that were over every province, and to the rulers of every people of every province according to the writing thereof, and to every people after their language; in the name of king Ahasuerus was it written, and sealed with the king's ring. 13 And the letters were sent by posts into all the king's provinces, to destroy, to kill, and to cause to perish, ta-all Jews, both young and old, little children and women, in one day, even upon the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is the month Adar, and to take the spoil of them for a prey. 14 The copy of the writing for a commandment to be given in every province was published unto all people, that they should be ready against that day. 15 The posts went out, being hastened by the king's commandment, and the decree was given in Shushan the palace. And the king and Haman sat down to drink; but the city Shushan was perplexed.

Haman the Agagite, was a descendant of king Agag, of the line of Amalek, and it is in the book of Samuel

1 Samuel 15:1-3

1Sa 15:1 Samuel also said unto Saul, hwhy sent me to anoint thee to be king over his people, over Israel: now therefore hearken thou unto the voice of the words of hwhy. 2 Thus saith hwhy of hosts, I remember ta that which Amalek did to Israel, how he laid wait for him in the way, when he came up from Egypt. 3 Now go and smite Amalek, and utterly destroy all that they have, and spare them not; but slay both man and woman, infant and suckling, ox and sheep, camel and ass.

This is the account of what Amalek did to Israel, in the book of Numbers

Exodus 17:8-16

Exo 17:8 And Amalek came, and fought with Israel in Rephidim. 9 And Moses said to Joshua, Choose for us men, and go fight on Amalek: tomorrow I will stand upon the head of the hill, and the staff of The Elohim will be in my hand. 10 And Joshua did as which Moses said to him, to fight on Amalek: and Moses, Aaron, and Hur, they ascended to the head of the hill. 11 And was, as which Moses raised his hand, and Israel prevailed: and as when shall rest his hand, and Amalek prevailed. 12 And the hands of Moses were heavy; and they took a stone, and they put under him, and sat upon her; and Aaron and Hur, they held up his hands, from this one, and from this one; and his hands, they were steady until the going of the sun. 13 And Joshua overthrew ta-Amalek and ta-his people by the mouth of the sword.

14 And 
hwhy said to Moses, Write this of a memorial in a scroll, and rehearse (set) in the ears of Joshua: for blotting, I will blot out ta-the remembrance of Amalek from under the heavens. 15 And Moses built an altar, and called his name hwhy Nissi: 16 And said, For the hand is upon the throne of Yah; to hwhy is war on Amalek from generation to generation.

Moses explains it a little more detail in the book of Deuteronomy

Deuteronomy 25:17-19

Deu 25:17 Remember ta what Amalek did to you among the way, in your coming out from Egypt; 18 Who met you in the way, and smote the tail among you, all the weak ones behind you, and you were weary and tired; and did not fear Elohim. 19 And shall be, in giving rest, hwhy your Elohim, to you, from all your enemies from around, in the land which hwhy your Elohim is giving to you of an inheritance to possess her, you shalt blot out ta-the remembrance of Amalek from under the heavens; you shall not forget.

Also, Amalek is a descendant of Esau, and it is noted in the book of Genesis

Genesis 17:9-12

Gen 17:9 And these were the birthings of Esau, father of Edom in Mount Seir: 10 These are the names of the sons of Esau; Eliphaz, son of Adah, wife of Esau. Reuel, son of Bashemath, wife of Esau. 11 And the sons of Eliphaz, they were Teman, Omar, Zepho, and Gatam, and Kenaz. 12 And Timna, she was concubine to Eliphaz, son of Esau; and she birthed to Eliphaz ta-Amalek: these were the sons of Adah wife of Esau.

Haman was a descendant of Agag, a descendant of Amalek, grandson of Esau.

Looking at the word PUR

The Hebrew word for pur is "puur"- Peh, Vav, Resh (
rwp). It is from Strong's concordance number 6331, and its definition

A primitive root; to crush: - break, bring to nought, X utterly take.

Haman was casting lots to "bring to nought" the Jews.

The story continues with Mordechai putting on sackcloth and ashes, telling Queen Esther that the Jews are going to die under Haman's hand, and Esther is the only one that could save them, by going to the king. Queen Esther fasts for three days, and approaches the king, and the king spares Eshter with the sceptre. Esther offers the king and Haman to come to a feast at her estate, which they did. At the banquet, the king asks Esther aks for her request. This is her reply

Esther 7:3-10

Est 7:3 Then Esther the queen answered and said, If I have found favour in thy sight, O king, and if it please the king, let my life be given me at my petition, and my people at my request: 4 For we are sold, I and my people, to be destroyed, to be slain, and to perish. But if we had been sold for bondmen and bondwomen, I had held my tongue, although the enemy could not countervail the king's damage. 5 Then the king Ahasuerus answered and said unto Esther the queen, Who is he, and where is he, that durst presume in his heart to do so? 6 And Esther said, The adversary and enemy is this wicked Haman. Then Haman was afraid before the king and the queen. 7 And the king arising from the banquet of wine in his wrath went into the palace garden: and Haman stood up to make request for his life to Esther the queen; for he saw that there was evil determined against him by ta-the king. 8 Then the king returned out of the palace garden into the place of the banquet of wine; and Haman was fallen upon the bed whereon Esther was. Then said the king, Will he force ta-the queen also before me in the house? As the word went out of the king's mouth, they covered Haman's face. 9 And Harbonah, one of the chamberlains, said before the king, Behold also, the gallows fifty cubits high, which Haman had made for Mordecai, who had spoken good for the king, standeth in the house of Haman. Then the king said, Hang him thereon. 10 So they hanged ta-Haman on the gallows that he had prepared for Mordecai. Then was the king's wrath pacified.

Then Esther request the king to go after those who would kill the Jews, and the king gave her his seal to make the petition. Picking up on the account

Esther 8:9-17

Est 8:9 Then were the king's scribes called at that time in the third month, that is, the month Sivan, on the three and twentieth day thereof; and it was written according to all that Mordecai commanded unto the Jews, and to the lieutenants, and the deputies and rulers of the provinces which are from India unto Ethiopia, an hundred twenty and seven provinces, unto every province according to the writing thereof, and unto every people after their language, and to the Jews according to their writing, and according to their language. 10 And he wrote in the king Ahasuerus' name, and sealed it with the king's ring, and sent letters by posts on horseback, and riders on mules, camels, and young dromedaries: 11 Wherein the king granted the Jews which were in every city to gather themselves together, and to stand for their life, to destroy, to slay, and to cause to perish, ta-all the power of the people and province that would assault them, both little ones and women, and to take the spoil of them for a prey, 12 Upon one day in all the provinces of king Ahasuerus, namely, upon the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is the month Adar. 13 The copy of the writing for a commandment to be given in every province was published unto all people, and that the Jews should be ready against that day to avenge themselves on their enemies. 14 So the posts that rode upon mules and camels went out, being hastened and pressed on by the king's commandment. And the decree was given at Shushan the palace. 15 And Mordecai went out from the presence of the king in royal apparel of blue and white, and with a great crown of gold, and with a garment of fine linen and purple: and the city of Shushan rejoiced and was glad. 16 The Jews had light, and gladness, and joy, and honour. 17 And in every province, and in every city, whithersoever the king's commandment and his decree came, the Jews had joy and gladness, a feast and a good day. And many of the people of the land became Jews; for the fear of the Jews fell upon them.

Notice that it took almost nine months, since the decree went out to all the provinces, before the Jews killed the people seeking to murder them. That's a long time.

This is the passage that reveal the dates of Purim

Esther 9:1-32

Est 9:1 Now in the twelfth month, that is, the month Adar, on the thirteenth day of the same, when the king's commandment and his decree drew near to be put in execution, in the day that the enemies of the Jews hoped to have power over them, (though it was turned to the contrary, that the Jews had rule over them that hated them;) 2 The Jews gathered themselves together in their cities throughout all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus, to lay hand on such as sought their hurt: and no man could withstand them; for the fear of them fell upon all people. 3 And all the rulers of the provinces, and the lieutenants, and the deputies, and officers of the king, helped ta-the Jews; because the fear of Mordecai fell upon them. 4 For Mordecai was great in the king's house, and his fame went out throughout all the provinces: for this man Mordecai waxed greater and greater. 5 Thus the Jews smote all their enemies with the stroke of the sword, and slaughter, and destruction, and did what they would unto those that hated them. 6 And in Shushan the palace the Jews slew and destroyed five hundred men. 7 And ta Parshandatha, and ta Dalphon, and ta Aspatha, 8 And ta Poratha, and ta Adalia, and ta Aridatha, 9 And ta Parmashta, and ta Arisai, and ta Aridai, and ta Vajezatha, 10 The ten sons of Haman the son of Hammedatha, the enemy of the Jews, slew they; but on the spoil laid they not ta-their hand. 11 On that day the number of those that were slain in Shushan the palace was brought before the king. 12 And the king said unto Esther the queen, The Jews have slain and destroyed five hundred men in Shushan the palace, and ta the ten sons of Haman; what have they done in the rest of the king's provinces? now what is thy petition? and it shall be granted thee: or what is thy request further? and it shall be done. 13 Then said Esther, If it please the king, let it be granted to the Jews which are in Shushan to do to morrow also according unto this day's decree, and let ta Haman's ten sons be hanged upon the gallows. 14 And the king commanded it so to be done: and the decree was given at Shushan; and they hanged ta Haman's ten sons. 15 For the Jews that were in Shushan gathered themselves together on the fourteenth day also of the month Adar, and slew three hundred men at Shushan; but on the prey they laid not ta-their hand. 16 But the other Jews that were in the king's provinces gathered themselves together, and stood for their lives, and had rest from their enemies, and slew of their foes seventy and five thousand, but they laid not ta-their hands on the prey, 17 On the thirteenth day of the month Adar; and on the fourteenth day of the same rested they, and made it a day of feasting and gladness. 18 But the Jews that were at Shushan assembled together on the thirteenth day thereof, and on the fourteenth thereof; and on the fifteenth day of the same they rested, and made it a day of feasting and gladness. 19 Therefore the Jews of the villages, that dwelt in the unwalled towns, made ta the fourteenth day of the month Adar a day of gladness and feasting, and a good day, and of sending portions one to another. 20 And Mordecai wrote ta-these things, and sent letters unto all the Jews that were in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus, both nigh and far, 21 To stablish this among them, that they should keep ta the fourteenth day of the month Adar, and ta the fifteenth day of the same, yearly, 22 As the days wherein the Jews rested from their enemies, and the month which was turned unto them from sorrow to joy, and from mourning into a good day: that they should make them days of feasting and joy, and of sending portions one to another, and gifts to the poor. 23 And the Jews undertook to do ta as they had begun, and ta as Mordecai had written unto them; 24 Because Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the enemy of all the Jews, had devised against the Jews to destroy them, and had cast Pur, that is, the lot, to consume them, and to destroy them; 25 But when Esther came before the king, he commanded by letters that his wicked device, which he devised against the Jews, should return upon his own head, and that he and ta-his sons should be hanged on the gallows. 26 Wherefore they called these days Purim after the name of Pur. Therefore for all the words of this letter, and of that which they had seen concerning this matter, and which had come unto them, 27 The Jews ordained, and took upon them, and upon their seed, and upon all such as joined themselves unto them, so as it should not fail, that they would keep ta-these two days according to their writing, and according to their appointed time every year; 28 And that these days should be remembered and kept throughout every generation, every family, every province, and every city; and that these days of Purim should not fail from among the Jews, nor the memorial of them perish from their seed. 29 Then Esther the queen, the daughter of Abihail, and Mordecai the Jew, wrote with ta-all authority, to confirm ta this second letter of Purim. 30 And he sent the letters unto all the Jews, to the hundred twenty and seven provinces of the kingdom of Ahasuerus, with words of peace and truth, 31 To confirm ta-these days of Purim in their times appointed, according as Mordecai the Jew and Esther the queen had enjoined them, and as they had decreed for themselves and for their seed, the matters of the fastings and their cry. 32 And the decree of Esther confirmed these matters of Purim; and it was written in the book.

Looking at the word PURIM

The Hebrew word for purim is "puureem"- Peh, (Vav), Resh, Yod Mem Sophit (
MyrwpMyrp). It is from Strong's concordance number 6332, and its definition

From H6331; a lot (as by means of a broken piece): - Pur, Purim.

And that's the just of the story of Purim.

I wish all of you a Khag Sameakh. Enjoy the videos, audios and music offered below.




Josephus wrote a version of the account of Esther, and it is located in the book of The Jewish Antiquities Book 11, Chapter 6, Parts 1-13 (184-296). You can find the links to the text below


(with commentary)


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The views and opinions expressed, from these different formats of teachings below, are solely those of the personnel and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of The Aleph-Tav Project.

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The Book Of Esther (English)
Note: you need to play it on Windows Media Player. It will not play on Real Player for whatever reason.

Aviad Cohen- The Book Of Esther


Book Of Esther (Hebrew)

Chapter 1    Chapter 2    Chapter 3
Chapter 4    Chapter 5    Chapter 6
Chapter 7    Chapter 8    Chapter 9
Chapter 10


Book Of Esther (Hebrew)

Chapter 1    Chapter 2    Chapter 3
Chapter 4    Chapter 5    Chapter 6
Chapter 7    Chapter 8    Chapter 9
Chapter 10




of Passion For Truth Ministries

Purim (2014)

Jim Staley- Purim (2014)

Purim (2013)

Jim Staley- Purim (2013)

Purim (2012)

Jim Staley- Purim (2012)

of Shoreshim Ministries

Purim (2014)
With Bill And Alison Cloud

Bill Cloud- Purim (2014)

of A Rood Awakening

Purim: The Making Of A King's Bride (2013/2015)
(Note: The first four episodes start after the one hour mark. The last episode starts after the 30 minute mark)

Episode One: The Vanquishing Of Vishti 1/30/2015

Michael Rood- Purim, The Making Of A King's Bride

Episode Two: Enough With The Myrrh Already 2/8/2013

Michael Rood- Episode Two

Episode Three: You Want To Put The Gallows Where? 2/15/2013

Michael Rood- Purim, The Making Of A King's Bride

Episode Four: He Is There And He Is Not Silent 2/22/2013- Including an interview with Rico Cortes of Wisdom In Torah Ministries

Purim, The Making Of A King's Bride

Episode Five: The Whole Meggilah 2/27/2015

Michael Rood- Episode Five, The Whole Meggilah



Click the image to open the web link


 Purim Song



Purim Medley (Hebrew)

Kinderlach- Purim Medley

Purim Music (Hebrew)

Purim Music


String Purim Music (Hebrew)

The Best Eastern Music Singers

I Am Purim- Purim Songs In A Row (Hebrew)

I Am Purim

These are more Purim music in English and in Hebrew on the You Tube website.




The Sword Of The Dove: A Judeo-Spanish Purim Fantasia (2008)

This group focuses on Ancient Sephardim Jewish Music. They have other good albums. You can find them at their website


Voice Of The Turtle

Right Click and choose "Save As"

1. Kikhot Yeyni
2. Korey M'Gila
3. Empesare a Kontar Sarjevo
4. Purim Lanu Jerusalem
5. Azkir Khasdey Eyl Neh-Eman
6. Ven Aki Zeresh la Loka
7. Askir Monastir
8. Askir Sarajevo
9. Un Dia Antes
10. Alevanta Mordekhai
11. Kuando Haman S'Emborracho
12. Alavar Kero Al Dyo
13. Se Akodren
14. Purim Lanu Ujda
15. Empesar Kero Kontar
16. Rau Vanim
17. Empesare a Kontar Monastir
18. Kuma Elohim


ESTHER (1718 Version)
This is a one act Masque in six scenes.

Performed by The Sixteen, Orchestra of the Sixteen, Harry Christophers- Conductor (1996)

Handel- Esther

I have included the libretto for your interest to follow the text as they sing. Just rick click and choose "Save As".


Right click and choose "Save As"

1. Overture: Andante/Larghetto/Allegro - Orch Of The Sixteen/Harry Christophers

2. Scene 1. Recitative: 'Tis Greater Far To Spare' - Simon Berridge/Michael George

3. Scene 1. Aria: 'Pluck Root And Branch From Out The Land' - Michael George

4. Scene 1. Recitative: 'Our Souls With Ardour Glow' - Matthew Vine

5. Scene 1. Chorus: 'Shall We The God Of Israel Fear?' - The Sixteen/Harry Christophers

6. Scene 2. Recitative: 'Now Persecution Shall Lay By Her Iron Rod' - Mark Padmore

7. Scene 2. Aria: 'Tune Your Harps To Cheerful Strains' - Mark Padmore

8. Scene 2. Chor: 'Shall We Of Servitude Complain' - The Sixteen/Harry Christophers

9. Scene 2. Aria: 'Praise The Lord With Cheerful Noise' - Nancy Argenta

10. Scene 2. Recitative: 'O God, Who From The Suckling's Mouth' - Nancy Argenta

11. Scene 2. Aria: 'Sing Songs Of Praise, Bow Down The Knee' - Thomas Randle

12. Scene 2. Chorus: 'Shall We Of Servitude Complain' - The Sixteen/Harry Christophers

13. Scene 3. Recitative: 'How Have Our Sins Provoked The Lord!' - Michael Chance

14. Scene 3. Chorus: 'Ye Sons Of Israel Mourn' - The Sixteen/Harry Christophers

15. Scene 3. Aria: 'O Jordan, Jordan, Sacred Tide' - Michael Chance

16. Scene 3. Chor: 'Ye Sons Of Israel Mourn' - The Sixteen/Harry Christophers

17. Scene 3. Oboe Sonata in G minor (HWV 404): I Andante - Anthony Robson

18. Scene 3. Oboe Sonata in G minor (HWV 404): II Allegro - Anthony Robson

19. Scene 3. Oboe Sonata in G minor (HWV 404): III Adagio - Anthony Robson

20. Scene 3. Oboe Sonata in G minor (HWV 404): IV Allegro - Anthony Robson

21. Scene 4. Reitative: 'Why Sits That Sorrow On Thy Brow?' - Lynda Russell/Mark Padmore

22. Scene 4. Aria: 'Dread Not, Righteous Queen, The Danger' - Mark Padmore

23. Scene 4. Recitative: 'I Go Before The King To Stand' - Lynda Russell

24. Scene 4. Aria: 'Tears Assist Me, Pity Moving' - Lynda Russell

25. Scene 4. Chorus: 'Save Us, O Lord' - The Sixteen/Harry Christophers

26. Scene 5. Recitative: 'Who Dares Intrude Into Our Presence' - Thomas Randle/Lynda Russell

27. Scene 5. Duet: 'Who Calls My Parting Soul From Death?' - Lynda Russell/Thomas Randle

28. Scene 5. Aria: 'O Beauteous Queen, Unclose Those Eyes!' - Thomas Randle

29. Scene 5. Recitative: 'If I Find Favour In Thy Sight' - Lynda Russell

30. Scene 5. Aria: 'How Can I Stay When Love Invites?' - Thomas Randle

31. Scene 5. Recitative: 'With Inward Joy His Visage Glows' - Simon Berridge/Matthew Vine

32. Scene 5. Chorus: 'Virtue, Truth And Innocence' - The Sixteen/Harry Christophers

33. Scene 5. Arioso: 'Jehovah, Crown'd With Glory Bright' - Michael Chance

34. Scene 5. Chorus: 'He Comes, He Comes To End Our Woes' - The Sixteen/Harry Christophers

35. Scene 6. Recitative: 'Now, O Queen, Thy Suit Declare' - Thomas Randle/Lynda Russell

36. Scene 6. Arioso: 'Turn Not, O Queen, Thy Face Away' - Michael George

37. Scene 6. Aria: 'Flatt'ring Tongue, No More I Hear Thee!' - Lynda Russell

38. Scene 6. Recitative: 'Guards, Seize The Traitor, Bear Him Hence!' - Thomas Randle

39. Scene 6. Aria: 'How Art Thou Fall'n From Thy Height!' - Michael George

40. Scene 6. Chorus: 'The Lord Our Enemy Has Slain' - The Sixteen/Harry Christophers

There is another performance of this version by the Chorus and Orchestra of the Academy of Ancient Music, Westminster Catherdral Boys Choir, Christopher Hogwood- Conductor (1990)
Click on the image below to get to the webpage.

Handel- Esther



There is also a Judaica Sound Archives website at Florida Atlantic University that have archived old 78 Jewish records and digitalized them. They have a list of Purim records for children. If you have children and are interested here's the link:


Just click on any of the albums. It will take you to another page and it will play the the recordings from that album. Also on that same page you can click on the album cover, and it will show the ablum's artistry both front and back.



There are other Purim videos at these Jewish links:










Click on the images to open the web page, grab the popcorn and soda, and enjoy.


Esther And The King (1960)

ESTHER (1998)

Esther (1999)

(Note: It has Indonesian Subtitles)

The Book Of Esther (2013)



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