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PESAKH/KHAG HAMATSOTH (Passover/Feast of Unleavened Bread)

The Sacrificed Lamb

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Starting with the commandments of the Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread in the Torah, starting with the Exodus Passover


Exodus 12:1-51

Exo 12:1 And hwhy spoke to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, to say, 2 This month shall be to you the head of months: he shall be to you the first for the months of the year.

3 Speak to all of the Congregation of Israel, to say, On the tenth of this month, and they shall take each for themselves a lamb for the house of their fathers, a lamb for the house: 4 And if the household shall be too little with the lamb, and he and his dweller to the midst of his house shall take on the number of the souls; You shall count upon the lamb each by the mouth of his eating. 5 A lamb shall be a perfect male of a son of a year: shall be for yourselves from the lambs, or you shall take from the kids:

 6 And shall be for you to keep until the fourteenth day of this month: and all of the Assembly of the Congregation of Israel shall kill him between the mixing period (evening). 7 And they shall take of the blood and shall put him upon the two side posts, and upon the upper door post of the houses which they shall eat him in them. 8 And they shall eat 
ta-the flesh in this night roasted of fire and unleavened bread; they shall eat upon bitters. 9 You shall not eat him raw, or sodden from boiling in water, for but roasted of fire; his head shall be upon his legs and upon his inwards. 10 And you shall not leave from him until breaking (morning); and of that remaining from him until breaking (morning), you shall burn in the fire. 11 And as thus, you shall eat him with your loins girded, your sandals on your feet, and your staffs in your hand; And you shall eat him in haste: He is the Passover to hwhy. 12 And I will go over in the land of Egypt in this night, and will strike every firstborn in the land of Egypt, from Adam and unto animals; and I will execute judgments on all of the elohim of Egypt: I am hwhy. 13 And the blood shall be to you for a Sign upon the houses where you are there: And I will see ta-the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be on you to be destroyed in My striking in the land of Egypt. 14 And this day shall be to you for a Memorial; and you shall make festive of him of a Feast to hwhy for your generations; you shall make festive of him of a Statute of Ages.

15 Seven days shall you shall eat unleavened bread; Only on the first day you shall cease sourdough from your houses: for anyone eating leavened bread from the first day unto the seventh day, and the soul, she shall be cut off from Israel. 16 And on the first day shall be a Holy Calling, and on the seventh day shall be a Holy Calling to yourselves;
Any work shall not be done in them, only what shall be eaten by every soul, by his apartness, she shall be done to you. 17 And you will keep the Feast of ta-the Unleavened Bread; for on this same day, I have brought ta-your armies from the land of Egypt: and you will keep ta-this day for your generations for a Statute of Ages.

18 In the first, on the fourteenth day of the month, in the mixing period (evening), you shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day of the month in the mixing period (evening). 19 No sourdough shall be found in your houses seven days: for anyone eating from the leavened bread, and the soul, she shall be cut off from the Congregation of Israel, among the stranger, and among the native of the land. 20 You shall not eat any leavened bread; you shall eat unleavened bread
i n all of your dwellings.

21 And Moses called for all of the Elders of Israel, and said to them, Draw out and take for yourself a flock for your families, and kill the Passover. 22 And you shall take a bundle of hyssop, and you shall dip in the blood that is in the bason, and you shall smite the upper door post and the two side posts with the blood that is in the bason; and each of you shall not go out from the entrance of his house until breaking (morning). 23 And
hwhy will go over to plague ta-Egypt; and will see ta-the blood upon the upper door post and upon the two side posts, and hwhy will go over the entrance, and will not allow the destroyer to come to your houses to plague you. 24 And you shall keep ta-this Word for a Statute to yourself and to your sons unto ages.

25 And shall be, when you come to the land which 
hwhy will give to you as which was spoken, and you shall keep ta-this Service. 26 And shall be, when your sons, they shall say to you, What is this service to you? 27 And you shall say, He is the Passover Sacrifice to hwhy who went over the houses of the Sons of Israel in Egypt, in His striking ta-Egypt, and delivering ta-our households. And the People bowed and worshipped. 28 And the Sons of Israel, they went, and they did as which hwhy commanded ta-Moses and Aaron, so they did.

29 And was, in the middle of the night, and
hwhy struck every firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sat upon his throne, unto the firstborn of the captive who was in the house of the pit hole (dungeon); and every firstborn of animals.

30 And Pharaoh arose at night, he, and all his servants, and all of Egypt; and she was a great cry in Egypt; for was not a house where a dead one was not there. 31 And called for Moses and for Aaron at night, and said, Arise, and go out from the midst of my people, also you and the Sons of Israel; And go, serve 
ta-hwhy according to your word. 32 Take also your flocks, your herds as which you spoke, and go; And you bless me also.

33 And Egypt, she was strong upon the people to hasten to send them away from the land; for they said, All of us are dead. 34 And the people took up
ta-his dough before became leavened, their kneading troughs were bound in their clothes upon their shoulders. 35 And the Sons of Israel, they did according to the word of Moses; and they inquired from Egypt vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and clothing: 36 And hwhy gave the People ta-favor in the eyes of ta-Egypt, and was requested to them, and they plundered Egypt.

37 And the Sons of Israel, they pulled from Rameses to Succoth according to six hundred thousand of foot, the men,
by apart from the little ones. 38 And also a mixed multitude went up with them; and flocks, and herds, very many animals.

39 And they baked 
ta-the dough which they brought out from Egypt of unleavened cakes, for it was not leavened; For they were driven out from Egypt, and and they were not able to delay her, and they did not prepare for themselves food.

40 And the dwelling of the Sons of Israel, which they dwelt in Egypt was thirty years and four hundred years. 41 And was from the end of thirty years and four hundred years, and was in this same day, all of the hosts of 
hwhy went out from the land of Egypt. 42 He is a Night of Observation to hwhy for bringing them out from the land of Egypt: he is this night to hwhy an Observance for all of the Sons of Israel for their generations.

43 And 
hwhy said to Moses and Aaron, This is the Statute of the Passover: Every son of a foreigner shall not eat on him: 44 And every servant of a man purchased of silver, and you have circumcised him, then shall eat on him. 45 A dweller and a hired servant shall not eat on him. 46 Shall be eaten in one house; you shall not go out with the flesh from outside of the house; and you shall not break a bone on him. 47 All of the Congregation of Israel shall prepare him. 48 And when a stranger shall sojourn with you, and you shall do the Passover to hwhy, every male to him shall be circumcised, and then shall come near to prepare him; and shall be like the native of the land: and anyone uncircumcised shall not eat on him. 49 One Torah shall be to the native and to the stranger that sojourns in your midst. 50 Thus all of the Sons of Israel did as which hwhy commanded ta-Moses and ta-Aaron, so they did. 51 And was on this same day that hwhy brought out ta-the Sons of Israel from the land of Egypt, upon their armies.

Exodus 13:6-18

6 Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, and on the seventh shall be a Feast to hwhy. 7 Unleavened bread shall be eaten ta the seven days; and leavened bread shall not be seen by you, and sourdough shall not be seen by you in all of your borders.

8 And you shall explain to your son in that day, to say, Because hwhy did this for me in my coming out from Egypt. 9 And shall be to you for a Sign upon your hand, and for a Memorial between your eyes, by that, the Torah of hwhy, she will be in your mouth: for on a Strong Hand hwhy brought you out from Egypt. 10 And you shall keep ta-this Statute of her Appointed Times from days to days.

11 And shall be when hwhy shall bring you to the land of the Canaanites as which was sworn to you and to your fathers, and give her to you, 12 and you will pass over every firstling of the womb for hwhy, and of every firstling ejected of an animal which belong to you; the males shall be for hwhy. 13 And you shall redeem every firstling of a donkey on a lamb; and if you will not redeem, and you shall neck break him: and every firstborn of Adam in your midst, you shall redeem.

14 And shall be, when your son asks you of a later time, to say, What is this? And you shall say to him, On the Strong Hand,
hwhy brought us out from Egypt, from the house of slavery: 15 And was, when Pharaoh was hardened to send us away, and hwhy killed every firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Adam, and unto the firstborn of animals: Upon thus, I sacrifice to hwhy all of the males bursting out the womb; and I redeem every firstborn of my sons.

16 And shall be for a Sign upon your hand, and for Frontlets between your eyes: for on a Strong Hand,
hwhy brought us out from Egypt.

In other words, from chapter thirteen, verse six, that on the last day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, we are to have a "Matsa Banquet".

Did you know that 
hwhy had an ulterior motive for us to have a banquet on the last day, and His reason for us to have a "Matsa Banquet" is to utilize the rest of the unleavened bread on the last day? That's a "good" ulterior motive.

Looking at the word PASSOVER

The Hebrew word for Passover is "peh-sakh"- Peh, Samek, Khet (
xop). It is from Strong's Concordance number 6453, and its definition

From H6452; a pretermission, that is, exemption; used only technically of the [Israelite] Passover (the festival or the victim): - passover (offering).

from 6452 "pah-sakh" (
xop), and its definition

A primitive root; to hop, that is, (figuratively) skip over (or spare); by implication to hesitate; also (literally) to limp, to dance: - halt, become lame, leap, pass over.

This was 
hwhy's act to Passover the Israelites who have the blood on their upper door posts and side door posts.


Looking at Exodus 12:8 again

Exo12:8 And they shall eat ta-the flesh [the lamb] in this night, roasted of fire, and unleavened bread; upon bitters, they shall eat.

It does show "four" or "five" or more, but "three". These three elements have symbolic meanings:

The Lamb: Yeshua as the Passover Lamb
Unleavened Bread: Yeshua being without sin
Bitter Herbs: Yeshua taking on the "bitterness" of the sins in our lives at the cross


There are two elements mentioned to remove:


And the Israelites left Rameses on the fifteenth day

Number 33:3 And they pulled up from Rameses in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month; from after the Passover, they went out, the Sons of Israel on a High Hand to the eyes of all of the Egyptians.

Looking at the word SOURDOUGH

In Exodus 12:15, the word sourdough in Hebrew is "s'ohr"- Shin, Aleph, Resh (ras). It is from Strong's number 7603, from 7604, and its definition

"barm or yeast cake (as swelling by fermentation): - leaven".

This word is where we get our modern English word "sour", where we get "sourdough". This leaven of sourdough is a living organism, and it represents "sin" in our lives that does not die. It could also be symbolic of sin developing to become part of one's sinful nature, because it is alive and it will keep growing. This is symbolically one of the acts of getting rid of the sin in our lives. An example of this is in the Apostle Paul's letter to the assembly in Corinth

1 Corinthians 5:6

1 Cor 5:6 Your glorying is not good. Know ye not that a little leaven leaveneth the whole lump? 7 Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Messiah, our Passover, is sacrificed for us: 8 Therefore let us keep the Feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the Unleavened Bread of sincerity and truth.


Looking at the word LEAVENED BREAD

Also in Exodus 12:15, leavened bread is from the Hebrew word "khah-meyts" (
Umx). It is from Strong's number 2557, from 2556, and its definition

"ferment, (figuratively) extortion: - leaven, leavened (bread)".

This is the cooked part of the "sourdough". It is also a representation of sin being part of our nature in our lives, and this is the other reason we need to get rid of it before or during Passover, and completely out before The Feast of Unleavened Bread.

Leviticus 23:4-8

Lev 23:4 
These are the Appointed Times of hwhy, Holy Convocations, which you shall proclaim in their appointed times. 5 In the first month, on the fourteenth of the month, between the mixings, is the Passover to hwhy. 6 And on the fifteenth day of this month is the Feast of the Unleavened Bread to hwhy: seven days of unleavened bread you shall eat. 7 On the first day, shall be to you a Holy Calling: you shall not do any work of service. 8 And you shall bring a Fire Offering to hwhy seven days: on the seventh day is a Holy Calling: you shall not do any work of service.

Numbers 28:16-25

Num 28:
16 And in the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, is the Passover to hwhy. 17 And on the fifteenth day of this month is a feast: seven days of unleavened bread shall be eaten. 18 On the first day shall be a Holy Calling; you shall not do any work of service: 19 And you shall bring a Fire Offering: an Elevation Offering to hwhy; two bullocks sons of a herd, and one ram, and seven lambs sons of a year: perfect ones they shall be to you: 20 And their Food Offering shall be of flour mixed in the oil: three tenths for the bullock, and two tenths for the ram, you shall do; 21 A tenth, a tenth you shall do for the one lamb, for the seven lambs: 22 And one goat for a Sin Offering, to atone upon yourselves. 23 Apart the Elevation Offering of the breaking period (morning), which is for the Continual Elevation Offering, you shall do ta-these. 24 As these you shall do for the day of the seven days of bread of a Fire Offering, of a pleasant scent to hwhy: upon the Continual Elevation Offering shall be done, and his Drink Offering. 25 And on the seventh day shall be to you a Holy Calling; you shall not do any work of service.

Deuteronomy 16:1-8

Deu 16:1 
Observe the month of the Aviv, and you shall keep the Passover to hwhy, your Elohim: for in ta-the month of the Aviv hwhy, your Elohim, brought you from Egypt by night. 2 And you shall sacrifice a Passover to hwhy, your Elohim, of the flock and of the herd, in the place which hwhy shall choose to dwell His Name there. 3 You shall not eat leavened bread upon him; seven days you shall eat upon him unleavened bread, the Bread of Affliction; for in haste, you came out from the land of Egypt: by that, you may remember ta-the day you came out from the land of Egypt all of the days of your life. 4 And sourdough shall not be seen to you in all of your borders seven days; and shall not remain from the flesh, which you sacrificed in the mixing period (evening), in the first day, to the breaking period (morning). 5 You are not able to sacrifice ta-the Passover in one of your gates, which hwhy, your Elohim, is giving to you: 6 For but to the place which hwhy, your Elohim, shall choose to dwell His Bame there, you shall sacrifice ta-the Passover in the mixing period (evening), as the sun goes, at the Appointed Time of your coming out from Egypt. 7 And you shall roast, and you shall eat in the place which hwhy, your Elohim, shall choose among Himself: and you shall face in the breaking period (morning), and you shall go to your tents. 8 Six days you shall eat unleavened bread: and on the seventh day shall be a Solemn Assembly to hwhy, your Elohim: you shall not do work.

I've heard some that say that they can hide it in a garage during Passover and Unleavened Bread and afterwards retrieve it back. Though there is no literal mention to throw it out of the premises but "not be seen" from verse four in this Deuteronomy passage, I do not keep any leavened bread or sourdough hidden, but I throw it out completely and buy it after the feast is over. As I mentioned above, the sourdough and leavened bread represents sin. If one "hides" the leavened bread, symbolically one "hides" the sin and just retrieves the sin back. So symbolically, in my humble opinion, one should get rid of it entirely.

You can find my Torah commentary of the Exodus account, in the Torah portion, Bo.
Click on the link below.



Joshua 5:10-12

Jos 5:10 And the sons of Israel encamped in Gilgal, and kept
ta-the Passover on the fourteenth day of the month in the mixing period (evening) in the plains of Jericho. 11 And they ate from the stored grain of the land from the morrow of the Passover, unleavened bread, and parched grain in this same day. 12 And the manna ceased in the morrow in their eating from the stored grain of the land; and manna was not again for the Sons of Israel; and they ate from the produce of the land of Canaan in her year.

At the start of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, the manna stopped.

King Josiah of Judah restored the Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread since the time of Judges

2 Kings 23:21-23

2 Ki 23:21 And the king commanded all of the People, to say, Do the Passover to 
hwhy, your Elohim, as it is written upon the Scroll of the Covenant. 22 For was not holden as this Passover from the days of the judges who judged Israel, and all the days of the kings of Israel, and the kings of Judah; 23 For but in the eighteenth year of king Josiah, was holden this Passover to hwhy in Jerusalem.

2 Chronicles 35:1-19

2Ch 35:1 And Josiah kept a Passover to 
hwhy in Jerusalem: and they killed the Passover on the fourteenth day of the first month. 2 And set the Priests upon their charges, and encouraged them to the Service of the House of hwhy, 3 And said to the Levites, the ones with understanding, of all Israel, the ones Holy to hwhy, Put thou ta-the Holy Ark in the house which built Solomon, son of David, King of Israel; it shall not be a burden upon your shoulders: now, serve ta-hwhy, your Elohim, and ta his People, Israel, 4 And set up by the houses of your fathers, according to your sections, in the writing of David, King of Israel, and in with the writing of Solomon, his son. 5 And stand in the Holy Place to the divisions of the house of the fathers of your brethren, sons of the People, and the distributions of the house of the father of the Levites. 6 And kill the Passover, and sanctify yourselves, and prepare to your brethren, to do according to the Word of hwhy by the hand of Moses. 7 And Josiah gave to the sons of the People, a flock of lambs and sons of kids, all for the Passover offerings, for all that were present, to the number of thirty thousand, and three thousand oxen: these were from the king's substance. 8 And his princes were of spontaneity to the People, to the Priests, and to the Levites: And they raised Hilkiah and Zechariah and Jehiel, rulers of the house of The Elohim, they gave to the Priests for the Passover Offerings two thousand and six hundred small cattle, and three hundred oxen. 9 And Conaniah and Shemaiah and Nethaneel, his brethren, and Hashabiah and Jeiel and Jozabad, chief of the Levites, raised unto the Levites for Passover offerings five thousand, and five hundred oxen. 10 And the service was prepared, and the Priests stood in their standings, and the Levites upon their sections, according to the king's commandment. 11 And they killed the Passover, and the Priests, they sprinkled from their hands, and the Levites, they stripped them. 12 And they removed the Elevation Offerings, to give them according to the divisions of the houses of the fathers of the sons of the People, to bring to hwhy, as written in the book of Moses. And so of the oxen. 13 And they roasted the Passover in the fire according to the Ordinance: and the Holy Offerings sod they in pots, and in caldrons, and in pans, and they divided speedily to all the sons of the People. 14 And afterward they made ready for themselves, and for the Priests: because the Priests the sons of Aaron were in the elevating of Elevation Offerings and their kheylev-fat until night; and the Levites, they were preparing for themselves, and for the Priests, the sons of Aaron. 15 And the singers the sons of Asaph were upon their place, according to the commandment of David, and Asaph, and Heman, and Jeduthun the king's Seer; and the Doorkeepers were to a gate and a gate; not for them to depart from upon their service; for their brethren the Levites prepared. 16 And all of the Service of hwhy was prepared in this day, to keep the Passover, and to elevate the Elevation Offerings upon the Altar of hwhy, according to the commandment of the king Josiah. 17 And the Sons of Israel that were present kept ta-the Passover in her time, and ta-the Feast of Unleavened bread seven days. 18 And not was made a Passover like him in Israel from the days of Samuel, the Prophet; and all of the kings of Israel not made as a Passover which Josiah kept, and the Priests, and the Levites, and all of Judah and Israel that were present, and the dwellers of Jerusalem. 19 In the eighteenth year of the reign of Josiah was this Passover kept.

In verse ten of the Chronicles passage, it starts with the phrase

 10. ...And the service was prepared

But researching the Hebrew definition of service, it can alternately be interpreted as this:

10 ...And the bondservant was raised

This phrase is a type and shadow of Yeshua being raised on the cross on Passover.

The Southern House of Judah returned to the land after their senety years of captivity in Babylon, they celebrate the Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread

Ezra 6:19-22

Ezra 6:19 And the sons of the captivity, they kept the Passover on the fourteenth of the first month. 20 For the Priests and the Levites were purified as one, all of them were pure, and they killed the Passover for all the sons of the captivity, and for their brethren, the Priests, and for themselves. 21 And the sons of Israel, the ones returned from captivity, they ate, and all of the ones that separated themselves from the uncleanness of the nation of the land to them, to seek to 
hwhy Elohim of Israel. 22 And kept the Feast of Unleavened bread seven days in joy: for hwhy had made them joyful, and turned the heart of the king of Assyria unto them, to strengthen their hands in the work of the house of the Elohim, Elohim of Israel.


As we all know, Yeshua was the Passover Lamb. This the time frame of the event during Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread.

Yeshua giving the Passover bread and wine to His disciples

Luke 22:14-20

Luke 22:14 And when the hour was come, He sat down, and the twelve apostles with Him. 15 And He said unto them, With desire I have desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer: 16 For I say unto you, I will not any more eat thereof, until it be fulfilled in the Kingdom of 

17 And He took the cup, and gave thanks, and said, Take this, and divide it among yourselves: 18 For I say unto you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine, until the Kingdom of 
hwhy shall come.

19 And He took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is My Body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of Me.

20 Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup is the New Covenant in My Blood, which is shed for you.

The Passover in the Brith Khadashah (the New Covenant) is also called "Preparation Day"

Matthew 27:62

Mat 27:62 Now the next day, that followed the Day of the Preparation, the Chief Priests and Pharisees came together unto Pilate,

Mark 15:42

Mar 15:42 And now when the even was come, because it was the Preparation, that is, the day before the Shabbath [1st day of Unleavened Bread],

Luke 23:54

Luk 23:54 And that day was the Preparation, and the Shabbath [1st day of Unleavened Bread] drew on.

John 19:14

Joh 19:14 And it was the Preparation of the Passover, and about the sixth hour: and he saith unto the Jews, Behold your King!

John 19:31

Joh 19:31 The Jews therefore, because it was the Preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the Shabbath day [1st day of Unleavened Bread], (for that Shabbath day was an high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.

John 19:42

Joh 19:42 There laid they Yeshua therefore because of the Jews' Preparation Day; for the sepulchre was nigh at hand.

The reason it is called Preparation Day, because it does not mean that the sourdough and the leavened had to be thrown out on Passover/Preparation Day. In my opinion, the only exception would be if Passover/Preparation Day occurred on the regular Shabbath Day, then one would have to remove the sourdough and the leavened bread on the Sixth Day before Shabbath, which is a non work day. Other than that, the leavened bread and the sourdough would still be able to exist in the homes on Passover/Preparation Day, meaning that this is the day to remove the sourdough and the leavened bread from the homes before the first day of Unleavened Bread.


These are the time events from the ninth day of Aviv to the third day of the resurrection of Yeshua.


(Started Thursday Night- Sixth Day of the Week)
(John 12:1-11)

Yeshua in Bethany, raising Lazarus from the dead.
Yeshua's feet anointed by Mary


(Between Friday Night and Saturday Day- Shabbath)
(John 12:12-19)

Yeshua arrives in Jerusalem on a donkey


(Between Saturday Day and Tuesday Day- Shabbath Through The Second Day of the Week)
(John 12:20-13:1)


(Tuesday Night- Third Day of the Week)


(John 13:2-17:26)

Yeshua and His disciples having supper


(John 18:1-27)

Yeshua and disciples cross Kidron Brook
Yeshua is arrested by the Roman soldiers
Yeshua faces Ananias
Yeshua faces Caiaphas
Peter denies Messiah three times and cock crows in his third denial


(John 18:28-19:12)

Yeshua taken to Pilate
Yeshua scourged
Barabbas released


(Mark 15:21-25; John 19:13-27)

Yeshua taken to Golgatha
Yeshua crucified on the cross

Luke 23:44-45)

The sun darkened

(John 19:28-37)

Yeshua took vinegar
Yeshua says "It is finished" and died on the cross

(John 19:38-42)

Nicodemus and Joseph of Arimathea buried Yeshua in Joesph's tomb



This is the account of the sun, noted in the Gospel of Luke

Luke 23:44-45

Luk 23:44
 And it was about the sixth hour, and there was a darkness over all the earth until the ninth hour. 45 And the sun was darkened, and the Veil of the Temple was rent in the midst.

The only reason the sun would be darkened, because, first of all, the sun was not covered by clouds, otherwise if the sun was covered by clouds, they would not have emphasized that the sun was "visible".


The sun was not darkened by a Solar Ecplipse, because for a Solar Eclipse to occur, the moon has to be in the same position with the sun which would cause the moon to be in front of the sun. This can only occur "before" the first day of the visible sighting of the moon which would start the Biblical lunar month. The Passover occurs on the "fourteenth day" of the month, and by the fourteenth day of the lunar month, the moon is nowhere near the sun, but on the "opposite" side of the earth and opposite of the sun. Therfore, it's impossible to have a Solar Eclipse on any Passover year.


The only sensible reason the sun was darkened was because it was a "supernatural" darkening of the sun that lasted for three hours between the sixth hour and the ninth hour, or between 12 PM and 3 PM. The darkened sun is represented, which is based from the Torah, when Joseph dreamed of the sun and moon and stars, the sun represented Jacob-Israel, Joseph's father, in the book of Genesis

Genesis 37:9-11

Gen 37:9 And dreamed yet another dream, and told him to his brothers, and said, Behold, I have dreamed a dream still; and, behold, the sun and the moon and the eleven stars were bowing to me. 10 And was told to his father, and to his brothers: and his father rebuked on him, and said to him, What is this dream that you have dreamed? That coming, I and your mother and your brothers, we shall come to bow to you to the earth? 11 And his brothers, they envied on him; and his father kept ta-the word.

When Jacob heard this, he knew that the sun was the symbol of himself. Yeshua knew this account of Joseph's second dream. When the sun was darkened, this represented the Heavenly Father symbolically turning His face away from Yeshua, His son, and Yeshua realized this and knew what the Heavenly Father was doing.


Let's say that the sun wasn't darkened, when Yeshua said "Eli, Eli, Lama Sabachtani?" in front of the people. The people wouldn't think much of it and would just say something like "Yeah, He's speaking to His Father. No big deal". But Abba Father wanted the people to have a "testimony" or "witness" that He has turned away from facing His Son, Yeshua. Abba Father knew that if He revealed Himself in a human-like format for people, they would have died, which is based in the book of Exodus

Exodus 33:18-20

Exo 33:18 And said, Make me see now ta-Your Glory. 19 And said, I, I will make go over all My Goodness upon your face, and I will proclaim in the Name of hwhy to your face; and I will favor ta-whom I will favor, and I will mercify ta-whom I will mercify. 20 And said, You are not able to see ta-My Face: for the Adam shall not see Me, and live.

So how can He do it? In what I noted above, Abba Father knew of Joseph's dream passage of the sun representing Jacob, Joseph's father, and the religious Jews knew of this passage too. So what a better way to give a witness of the Abba Father turning His Face away for the people to see by using the sun, which would be the symbol of a father as noted above in Joseph's dream by applying the sun to be "the symbol of the Abba Father" in having the sun "supernaturally darkened" for a witness and for a testimony to the people that He has turned away by supernatually darkening the sun. This would be a "Heavens-Earth" connection with the Abba Father to the people on earth for the people to see that 
the Abba Father turned away from Yeshua. This would provide more of an impact on the people when Yeshua said "Eli, Eli, lama sabachtani?" than if the sun was still shining, and would make the people see that there was a connection between Yeshua and the Abba Father, symbolized by the sun.

!!!!!hwhy Kl bdk

This is a rough sketch, not according to scale, of the darkened sun at the sixth hour of the day. It shows the darkened sun (the Heavenly Father) directly above Jerusalem while Yeshua was on the cross

Passover Day

Mark Biltz of El Shaddai Ministries also noted that in relation to the Torah of the Red Heifer that Yeshua was facing the Temple where His Father is present, and that is where Yeshua was looking when He asked His Father

Psalms 22:1

"Eli, Eli Lama Azavtani?"

In English

"My El, My El, why hast Thou forsaken Me?".

Yeshua made this statement on the ninth hour, while the sun was still darkened, as noted in the Gospel of Matthew

Matthew 27:45-53

Mat 27:45 Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land unto the ninth hour. 46 And about the ninth hour Yeshua cried with a Loud Voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? That is to say, My El, my El, why hast Thou forsaken Me? 47 Some of them that stood there, when they heard that, said, This man calleth for Elias. 48 And straightway one of them ran, and took a spunge, and filled it with vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave Him to drink. 49 The rest said, Let be, let us see whether Elias will come to save Him. 50 Yeshua, when He had cried again with a Loud Voice, yielded up the spirit. 51 And, behold, the Veil of the Temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent; 52 And the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints which slept arose, 53 And came out of the graves after His resurrection, and went into the Holy City, and appeared unto many.

What Yeshua said in verse forty six of this Matthew passage is the Chaldean version of the Hebrew text noted in Psalms 22:1.

These other events, with the exception of the saints coming out after Yeshua was resurrected, also occurred on the ninth hour. By this time, the darkened sun (symbolically the Heavenly Father, still having His face turned away from Yeshua until His death) was in perspective from the Mount of Olives over the Temple. Also, when Yeshua said this, He was able to see the sun (a.k.a. the Heavenly Father), because the sun was well in Yeshua's view.

This is a rough sketch, not according to scale, of the darkened sun at the ninth hour of the day. It shows the darkened sun over the Temple while Yeshua was on the cross

Passover Day


During the time of Yeshua's on the cross, I presumed that He was given only one sponge in two different accounts, in the Gospels. But I have realized that this was not the case, but He was given "two" different sponges while on the cross. The first sponge that was given to Yeshua was in the Gospel of Matthew

Matthew 27:34

Mat 27:34 They gave Him vinegar to drink mingled with gall: and when He had tasted thereof, He would not drink.

There is a reason Yeshua did not drink from this sponge. This is what the Biblestudytools.com website says regarding gall

"Heb. rosh. In Deuteronomy 32:33 and Job 20:16 it denotes the poison of serpents. In Hosea 10:4 the Hebrew word is rendered "hemlock." The original probably denotes some bitter, poisonous plant, most probably the poppy, which grows up quickly, and is therefore coupled with wormwood ( Deuteronomy 29:18 ; Jeremiah 9:15 ; Lamentations 3:19 ). Compare Jeremiah 8:14 ; 23:15 , "water of gall," Gesenius, "poppy juice;" others, "water of hemlock," "bitter water.""

In other words, if Yeshua drank from this sponge with the gall. It would have killed Him, and would have made Yeshua die, and would finish Him prematurely before He stated "It is finished". In other words, HaSatan wanted Him to die prematurely before making the following statements before He properly died by giving up His spirit, which the gall would have finished Yeshua before He completely finished His Objective and spoke "It is finished".

The second sponge is mentioned in the Gospels of Matthew and John

Matthew 27:48

Mat 27:48 And straightway one of them ran, and took a spunge, and filled it with vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave him to drink.

John 19:29

Joh 19:29 Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they filled a spunge with vinegar, and put it upon hyssop, and put it to his mouth.

This was the second sponge that Yeshua accepted to drink.


Looking at the account of the two thieves in the Gospel of Luke

Luke 23:39-43

Luk 23:39 And one of the malefactors which were hanged railed on Him, saying, If Thou be the Messiah, save Thyself and us. 40 But the other answering rebuked him, saying, Dost not thou fear 
hwhy, seeing thou art in the same condemnation? 41 And we indeed justly; for we receive the due reward of our deeds: but this Man hath done nothing amiss. 42 And he said unto Yeshua, Lord, remember me when Thou comest into Thy Kingdom. 43 And Yeshua said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To day shalt thou be with Me in Paradise.

These two thieves were symbols of the two houses of Israel:

The Thief Asking To Save Them: The Southern House of Judah
The Thief To Be Remembered: The Northern House of Israel/Joseph/Ephraim


Looking at the account of the sign that was nailed to Yeshua's cross

John 19:22

Joh 19:19 And Pilate wrote a title, and put it on the cross. And the writing was, YESHUA OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE JEWS. 20 This title then read many of the Jews: for the place where Yeshua was crucified was nigh to the City: and it was written in Hebrew, and Greek, and Latin. 21 Then said the Chief Priests of the Jews to Pilate, Write not, The King of the Jews; but that He said, I am King of the Jews. 22 Pilate answered, What I have written I have written.

This is the $64,000 question, "Why did the Chief Priests of the Jews want the sign changed to 'I am King of the Jews' from 'The King of the Jews'"? This is the common image we have seen in our Christian lives of Yeshua at the cross with the sign above Him, showing the four letter "I, N, R, I" in Latin, which is the abbreviation for "Iesus Nazarenus Rex Iudaeorum". The "J" did not come into our English language until the 16th century. The Latin does not mean anything to the Jewish Chief Priests, but is in the Hebrew that they were looking at. This is what the say saw written in the sign in Hebrew:

Mydwhyh Klmw yrunh ewsy

This is the the phonetic translation of the Hebrew:

"Yeshua HaNatsree OoMelech HaYehudeem"

in English, it translates "Yeshua the Nazarite, and the King of the Jews". In Hebrew grammar, the English phrase "and the King", the Hebrew Vav used in this phrase, was in this case used as a prefix, commonly translated as "and the", next to the name or object, which is "king". The Hebrew words were most likely situated like this, in order to fit in the sign:


Using the acronym method, if you highlight each of the first letters of each Hebrew word phrase, this is what we get


When the chief priests of the Jews saw this acronym, they were seeing these four letters, going from right to left:

h ,w ,h ,y

What they were seeing is "Yod, Heh, Vav, Heh, the Name of "
hwhy", which means "the Eternal One". The Jewish leaders were offended, because they were seeing Yeshua acronomically called Y'hohwah. That is why they asked Pilate to change the phrase of His title, but Pilate refused.


This date of the event is clear that it occurred on the fourteenth day, because after His death, it says in verse thirty-one of the Gospel of John

John 19:31

Joh 19:31 The Jews therefore, because it was the Preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the Shabbath day, (for that Shabbath day was an High Day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.

The high day is the High Shabbath day of the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread.


(Wednesday Night- High Shabbath- Fifth Day of the Week)
First day of Unleavened Bread

First complete day Yeshua was buried


(Thursday Night- Sixth Day of the Week)

Second day of Unleavened Bread

Second complete day Yeshua was buried


(Friday Night- Shabbath)

Third day of Unleavened Bread

Third complete day Yeshua was buried


(Saturday Night- First Day of the Week)

Fourth day of Unleavened Bread
First day of the Omer- Firstruits


Yeshua resurrects from the tomb


(John 20:1-25)

Mary Magdelene, John and Peter arrived at the tomb
Mary Magdelene met Yeshua
Yeshua visited the disciples (Thomas not present)


Looking at the account of the Yeshua's time line of His days buried in the earth, in the Gospels of Matthew and John

Mattew 12:39-40

Mat 12:39 But He answered and said unto them, An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas: 40 For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.

John 2:19

Joh 2:19 Yeshua answered and said unto them, Destroy this Temple, and in three days I will raise it up.

As I taught in the information of the Biblical teaching of First Fruits, Mark Biltz of El Shaddai Ministries noted this.
I give Mark Biltz of credit for the fomat of this chart. Looking at the various years the day of Passover fell

Passover Dates
Mark Biltz noted that there is no mention in the Scriptures of a specific date when First Fruits starts, and no where in the scriptures when the fiftieth day of Shavuoth occurs. According to Mark, the Religious Jews always have the first count of the fifty days on Aviv 15 or 16, in order for the fifty days for the Shavuoth date to be Sivan 6. Mark says that the scriptures do not give a specific Biblical date for the First Fruits to start, because the annual calendar date of Passover varies from year to year. That is why, paraphrasing, it says to start First Fruits "from the morrow of the Shabbath" meaning "the first day of the new Biblical week". The Omer-sheaf is to be given on the first day of the Biblical week, and this day is also the day to start the fifty day count.

Regarding the three day issue,
Jim Staley, formerly of Passion for Truth Ministries, noted in his teaching series "God's Prophetic Calendar" that a day is not an "inclusive reasoning" of how long a day is, because there are those who say that the first day started when Yeshua was buried on Friday afternoon and that counted as a day given that after the darkened sun gave its light again counting it as a day. Jim though noted this scripture in the Gospel of John

John 11:9

Joh 11:9 Yeshua answered, Are there not twelve hours in the day? If any man walk in the day, he stumbleth not, because he seeth the light of this world.

This Friday deal of a couple of hours before sunset is proven false based on what Yeshua said. In other words, part of the twenty four hour full day would have to include "twelve hours of the daytime" to make it count as a whole day. When Yeshua said that He was to be "three days and three nights" in the heart of the earth as noted earlier, they included the three "twelve hour daytime periods" for this prophecy to be fulfilled. Thank you Jim.

Giving credit to Mark Biltz also for most of the ideas of the artistic graphics on this next chart, it shows the time line of the three days of Yeshua being buried in the earth for three days and three nights before He was resurrected on the day of First Fruits Saturday night. We need to note that the Biblical new day starts at sundown, and not at midnight

Time Line

Ending this, we can say as belivers in Yeshua, that 
hwhy, our Heavenly Father, sees the blood of Yeshua on us, and the Angel of Death will "passover" us from causing us eternal death, because we are covered by the Blood of the Lamb.

!!!hy wllh



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The views and opinions expressed, from these different formats of teachings below, are solely those of the personnel and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of The Aleph-Tav Project.

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Lion and Lamb Ministries

A teaching about Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread

Monte Judah

El Shaddai Ministries


Part 1: Passover To Pentecost

Feasts Of The LORD

Part 1: Passover To Pentecost (Alternate Version)

Mark Biltz


A Rood Awakening

Passover: The Path To Freedom (2013)
NOTE: The teaching is located an hour and a half into the programs except the last video.

Part One- The Birth Of The Nations

Michael Rood

Part Two- Living Among Pagans

Michael Rood

Part Three- Faithfulness Through Adversity

Michael Rood

Part Four- gods Which Are No gods

Michael Rood

Passover Part 1 (2014)

Jim Staley

Passover Part One (2011)

Jim Staley

Passover Part 2 (Threshold Covenant) (2014)

Jim Staley

Passover Part Two (2011)

Jim Staley

Passover Part 3 (Redeeming the Firstborn) (2014)

Jim Staley

Passover Part Three (2011)

Jim Staley

(December 13, 1938-April 19, 2006)

The Miracle of Passover (Original Airing 1999)
This is a teaching using the Passover seder. To me, this is a classic.

Part One

Zola Levitt

Part Two

Zola Levitt

(Originially aired in 2000)


Zola Levitt


Zola Levitt

Unleavened Bread

Zola Levitt

Hebraic Heritage Ministries, Int'l

Introduction to the Biblical Festivals

Eddie Chumney

Principle Themes of Passover

Eddie Chumney

The Events of Passover

Eddie Chumney

The Spiritual Application of Passover

Eddie Chumney

The Spiritual Themes of Passover

Eddie Chumney

The Passover In John 6

Eddie Chumney

Yeshua in the Rabbinical Passover Seder

Eddie Chumney

The Feast of Unleavened Bread

Eddie Chumney




(Note: Internet Explorer is required to access these teachings)

The Principal Themes Of Passover

The Events Of Passover

The Spiritual Application Of Passover Part 1

(Note: Internet Explorer is required to access these teachings)

The Spiritual Application Of Passover Part 2

The Passover In John 6

The Passover Seder

The Festival Of Unleavened Bread

If you want to see some of these with the slides on You Tube, you can go to this person's You Tube Channel. He has four of the teachings listed above on video. Click here.




This is a teaching I made of the Passover of the Exodus. Click on the link below to get to the webpage.





Mah Nistanah - Passover (Came Out April 4, 2017)


Dayenu - Passover
(Came Out March 30, 2015)


Les Miserables - Passover



Seder Crew (2017)


Uptown Passover (An "Uptown Funk" For Pesach) (Came out March 25, 2015)


Chozen - A Passover Tribute


Pesach Shop (2013 Passover Jam)




Passover Medley (Live 2013)



Matso Man (Macho Man)

Matso Man


Passover Rhapsody - A Jewish Rock Opera


Google Exodus

Google Exodus


Messiah (1741) Live Performance With The Choir of King's College, Cambridge.

Playing with instruments during Handel's period. The instrumental sound of the period is different than the modern instruments. Check it out.




Composed by Sholom Secunda

Richard Tucker: Tenor
Ben Irving: Narrator
Alexander D. Richardson: Organ
Sholom Secunda Chorus
Orchestra and chorus conducted by Sholom Secunda

Richard Tucker

Right click each track, and choose "Save As".


1. The Kiddush
2. Ma Nishtano (Sung by Doris Cohen)
3. Dayenu
4. B'Chol Dor Vodor
5. B'Tseis Yisroel Mimitsroyim
6. Medley of Traditional Songs:
a. Vayhi Bachatsi Haloyloh
b. Ki Lo Noeh-Ki Lo Yoeh
c. Adhir Hu
d. Echod Mi Yodea

7. Chad Gad'yo
8. Hodu Ladoshem
9. Pis'chu Li Shaarei Tsedek
10. Ribono Shel Olom
11. Tal Tein
12. Tal Bo
13. Ein Keloheinu
14. Adon Olom


15. Zavel Zilberts: Havdoloh (Arranged By Shohom Secunda)
16. Sholom Secunda: Sim Sholom
17. Sholom Secunda: L'eil Boruch
18. Sholom Secunda: Koi Omar
19. Zavel Zilberts: Vehu Rachum



The Pesach Song (We're Leaving)



Grab some soda and popcorn and enjoy the movies.


The Messiah, Prophecy Fulfilled

I pray this information was a benefit to all of you.

Any questions or comments can be written to


K'vod LaiYHWH


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