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P'KUDEY (Counting)
Exodus 38:21-40:38

There are 139 Aleph-Tavs in this week's Torah portion
(This Torah portion has the most Aleph-Tavs in any Torah portion)




Mount Sinai Tent Of Appointment In The Wilderness

High Priest

Note: you will need the oldheb.ttf (old Hebrew) and the SGreek Mediuim fonts to see the Hebrew and Greek text, as well as the three English fonts: Cooper Black, Impact and Frontlight MT Light. Right click the links and choose "Save Target As". Then go to the file, and either right click them and choose "install", or drag them into the font page.

oldheb.ttf


SGreek Medium

Cooper Black

Impact

Frontlight MT Light




CHAPTER 38

Exodus 38:21-31

Exo 38:21 These are the counting of the Tabernacle, the Tabernacle of the Testimony, which were counted, upon the mouth of Moses for the service of the Levites, by the hand of Ithamar, son of Aaron, the Priest. 22 And Bezaleel, son of Uri, son of Hur of the tribe of Judah made 
ta-all which hwhy commanded ta-Moses. 23 And with him was Aholiab, son of Ahisamach of the tribe of Dan, an engraver, and a cunning workman, and an embroiderer in the blue, and in the purple, and in the worm of the crimson, and in the linen. 24 All the gold that was used for the work in all the work of the Sanctuary, and was the gold of the Wave Offering was nine and twenty talents, and seven hundred and thirty shekels on the Shekel of the Sanctuary. 25 And the silver that was counted of the Congregation was a hundred talents, and a thousand seven hundred and five and seventy shekels on the Shekel of the Sanctuary: 26 A bekah for a head (skull) was from half of the shekel on the Shekel of the Sanctuary, for every one going over upon the countings from a son of twenty years and upward, for six hundred thousand and three thousand and five hundred and fifty. 27 And was the hundred talents of the silver for casting ta the sockets of the Sanctuary and ta the sockets of the veil; a hundred sockets for the hundred talents, a talent for a socket. 28 And ta-the thousand and the seven hundred and five and seventy shekels was made of nails for the pillars, and overlaid their chapiters (heads), and attached them. 29 And the copper of the Wave Offering was seventy talents, and two thousand and four hundred shekels. 30 And made on her ta-the sockets of the Entrance of the Tent of Appointment, and ta the Altar of the Copper, and ta-the Grate of the Copper for him, and ta all the vessels of the Altar, 31 And ta-the sockets of the Court all around, and ta-the sockets of the Gate of the Court, and ta all the pins of the Tabernacle, and ta-all the pins of the Court all around.


(Note: Not all verses will have comments).


A question that came to me is "How much is a talent?". Caclulating from this P'kudey Torah portion passage, there were 603,550 men who were twenty years and upward. Each gave 1/2 shekel. Calculating:

603,550 x .5 (1/2 in decimal) = 301,775

Take the 1,775 shekels from 301,775 we get 300,000. This is the total for the 100 talents. So we divide:

300,000 / 100 = 3,000 shekels

This tells us that one talent equals 3,000 shekels.



It also says that one talent of silver, 3,000 shekels, was used for one hook for the Tabernacle. I wished I knew how much is one shekel in today's U.S. dollars?




Verse twenty four

24 All the gold that was used for the work in all the work of the Sanctuary, and was the gold of the Wave Offering was nine and twenty talents, and seven hundred and thirty shekels on the Shekel of the Sanctuary.

A talent is worth 3,000 shekels, and and all of the gold would be 72,730 shekels. For a half shekel each, that would be 145,460 men. Also twenty four talents would equal to twenty four Menorahs, Lamps and the vessels for the Lamps for the Tabernacle.



Verse twenty six

26 A bekah for a head (skull) was from half of the shekel on the Shekel of the Sanctuary,...

Looking at the word BEKA

The Hebrew word "beka"- Bet, Kuph, Ayin (
eqb) is from Strong's Concordance number 1235, and its definition

From H1234; a section (half) of a shekel, that is, a beka (a weight and a coin): - bekah, half a shekel.

It comes from number 1234 "baka"
(eqb), and its definition

A primitive root; to cleave; generally to rend, break, rip or open: - make a breach, break forth (into, out, in pieces, through, up), be ready to burst, cleave (asunder), cut out, divide, hatch, rend (asunder), rip up, tear, win.

This is where we get our modern English word "buck". So a buck back then was worth a half a shekel. Mark Biltz of El Shaddai Ministries noted that this is an act of breaking the shekel. Aside, if someone asks you "Can I borrow a buck?', you can reply "Sorry, I can't break a shekel to a half-shekel" :).

Looking at the shekels, this reveals to us that the shekel is based by weight for silver pieces. In other words, there were no regulated shaped uniforming coins used for the weighing, but silver chunks and pieces used for weighing. Imagine yourself holding a handful of silver chunks and pieces in your hand. That was their source of purchasing and selling.
Can one imagine a movie scene seeing each man twenty years and up giving various sized pieces of silver totaling 1/2 shekel apiece on a scale weighed by the Levitical Priests? Also, picture a movie scene seeing those men putting pieces of silver from their money pouches onto a weigh scale in front of the Levitical Priests. That is awe inspiring to me.



Verses twenty seven and twenty eight

27 And was the hundred talents of the silver for casting ta the sockets of the Sanctuary and ta the sockets of the veil; a hundred sockets for the hundred talents, a talent for a socket. 28 And ta-the thousand and the seven hundred and five and seventy shekels was made of nails for the pillars, and overlaid their chapiters (heads), and attached them.

The hundred talents of silver that came from the 603,550 men that gave a half talent each, was used for the sockets of the Sanctuary and the sockets of the veil, each weighing a talent apiece, the same weight apiece for the Menorah, the Lamps and the vessels for the Lamps in the Tabernacle. That's a hundred Menorahs, Lamps and its vessels in weight per socket.

Also, the 1,775 shekels (1,775 "bucks"), about two thirds of a talent, was used to make nails. That's a lot of nails.

Notice the number for the shekels of silver, in verse twenty eight, used to make nails for the pillars- 1,775 shekels.
Bill Cloud of Shoreshim Ministries revealed that this is the same number relating to the year 1775, the beginning of the Revolutionary War.



Verse twenty nine

29 And the copper of the Wave Offering was seventy talents, and two thousand and four hundred shekels.

The weight of the copper was seventy talents, 2,400 shekels. That is 272,400 shekels, equivalent to 544,800 men.







CHAPTER 39

Exodus 39:1-43

Exo 39:1 And from the blue, and the purple, and the worm of the crimson (red), they made woven garments for the service in the Sanctuary, and they made 
ta-the Holy Garments which were for Aaron; as which hwhy commanded ta-Moses.

2 And made 
ta-the Ephod of gold, blue, and purple, and worm of the crimson (red), and twisted linen. 3 And they beaten ta-the sheets of the gold and cut threads to work in the midst of the blue, and in the midst of the purple, and in the midst of the worm of the crimson (red), and in the midst of linen, the work of an artisan.

4 They made corners (shoulder pieces) for him, joined upon the two of his edges. 5 And the band of his Ephod that was upon him, he was according to his work; of gold, blue, and purple, and worm of the crimson (red), and twisted linen; as which
hwhy commanded ta-Moses.

6 And they made 
ta-the Stones of the Onyx inclosed in brocades of gold, with engravings, of engravings of a signets, upon the names of the Sons of Israel, 7 and were put them upon the corners (shoulders) of the Ephod of stones of a Memorial to the Sons of Israel; as which hwhy commanded ta-Moses.

8 And made 
ta-the Breast Pocket, a work of an artisan like the work of the Ephod; of gold, blue, and purple, and worm of the crimson (red), and twisted linen. 9 Square; they made ta-the Breast Pocket double: a hand-span was his length, and a hand-span was his width, doubled. 10 And they filled in him four rows of stones: and the row had a sardius (ruby), a topaz, and a carbuncle: the first row. 11 And the second row had an emerald (turquoise), a sapphire, and a diamond. 12 And the third row had a ligure (jacinth), an agate, and an amethyst. 13 And the fourth row had a beryl (chrysolite), an onyx, and a jasper: inclosed in brocades of gold in their fillings. 14 And the stones upon the names of the Sons of Israel were twelve, upon their names were an engraving of a signet, each upon his name to the twelve tribes. 15 And they made upon the Breast Pocket cords of chains of wreathen work of pure gold.

16 And they made two brocades of gold and 
two gold rings; and they put ta-the two rings upon the two ends of the Breast Pocket. 17 And they put the two cords of gold upon the two rings upon the ends of the Breast Pocket. 18 And ta the two ends of the two cords, they put upon the two brocades, and they put them on the corners (shoulder pieces) of the Ephod, to the front of his face. 19 And they made the two rings of gold, and they set him upon the two ends of the Breast Pocket, upon his edge, which was toward over the Ephod housingward (inward). 20 And they made the two rings of gold, and they put them upon the two corners (shoulder pieces) of the Ephod below, from the front of his face, near his joining, above the band of the Ephod. 21 And they bound ta-the Breast Pocket with his rings to the rings of the Ephod on a ribbon of blue to be above the band of the Ephod, and that the Breast Pocket will not be loosed upon the Ephod; as which hwhy commanded ta-Moses.

22 And made 
ta-the Robe of the Ephod of a work of a weaver, all of blue. 23 And the mouth of the Robe was in his midst as the mouth of a habergeon (sleevless coat of armored mail), a lip was around his mouth, shall not be torn.

24 And they made upon the hem of the Robe pomegranates of blue, and purple, and worm of crimson (red), and twisted linen. 25 And they made round bells of pure gold, and they put 
ta-the round bells in the midst of the pomegranates upon the hem of the Robe, around in the midst of the pomegranates; 26 A round bell and a pomegranate, a round bell and a pomegranate, upon the hem of the Robe all around, for ministering; as which hwhy commanded ta-Moses.

27 And they made 
ta-the Coats of linen, a work of a weaver, for Aaron, and for his sons, 28 And ta the Mitre of linen, and ta-the Embellished Bonnets of linen, and ta-the Breeches of flax (linen), of twisted linen, 29 And the Girdle of twisted linen, and blue, and purple, and worm of crimson (red), a work of an embroiderer; as which hwhy commanded ta-Moses.

30 And they made 
ta-the Plate of the Holy Crown of pure gold, and they wrote upon him a writing of the engraving of a signet, HOLINESS TO YEHOWAH. 31 And they put upon him a ribbon of blue to put upon the mitre above; as which hwhy commanded ta-Moses.

32 And all the work of the Tabernacle of the Tent of Appointment, she was finished: and the Sons of Israel, they did according to all which
hwhy commanded ta-Moses, so they did.

33 And they brought 
ta-the Tabernacle to Moses, ta-the Tent, and ta-all his vessels, his hooks, his boards, his bars, and his pillars, and his sockets, 34 And ta-the covering of the red skins of the rams, and ta-the covering of skins of antelopes, and ta the Veil of the Covering, 35 ta-the Ark of the Testimony, and ta-his poles, and ta the Mercy Seat, 36 ta-the Table, and ta-all his vessels, and ta the Bread of the Faces, 37 ta-the Pure Menorah, ta-her Lamps, the Lamps of the Arrangement, and ta-all her vessels, and ta the Oil of the Light, 38 and ta the Altar of the Gold, and ta the Oil of the Anointing, and ta the Incense of the Spices, and ta the Hanging for the Entrance of the Tent, 39 ta-the Copper Altar, and ta-the Grate of the Copper which was to him, ta-his poles, and ta-all his vessels, ta-the Laver and ta-his base, 40 ta the hangings of the Court, ta-her pillars, and ta-her sockets, and ta-the hanging for the Gate of the Court, ta-his cords, and her pins, and ta all the vessels of the service of the Tabernacle for the Tent of Appointment, 41 ta-the woven garments for the ministering in the Sanctuary, and ta-the Holy Garments for Aaron, the Priest, and ta-the garments of his sons, for the priestly acts. 42 According to all which hwhy commanded ta-Moses, so the Sons of Israel, they did ta all the service. 43 And Moses saw ta-all the work, and behold, they did her as which hwhy had commanded, so they did: and Moses blessed them.


(Note: Not all verses will have comments).


Verses one and two

1 And from the blue, and the purple, and the worm of the crimson (red), they made woven garments for the service in the Sanctuary, and they made ta-the Holy Garments which were for Aaron; as which hwhy commanded ta-Moses. 2 And made ta-the Ephod of gold, blue, and purple, and worm of the crimson (red), and twisted linen

Notice in verse one that it does not include the linen when making the garments for Aaron as it shows in verse two. Why didn't
hwhy include the linen in verse one? I don't have an answer to that at this time.



Verse three

3 And they beaten ta-the sheets of the gold and cut threads to work in the midst of the blue, and in the midst of the purple, and in the midst of the worm of the crimson (red), and in the midst of linen, the work of an artisan.

The gold was put into each of the red threads, the blue threads, and the purple threads. The gold in the differnet colored threads is symbolic of the eternalness of each meaning of the colors:

Gold: Kingdom, Eternal, Perfection
Blue: Heaven
Purple: Royalty

Crimson worm: Blood, Atonement, Sacrifice

Applying the gold to each of the colors, this is what they represent:

Gold in 
Crimson worm: Eternal Blood, Atonement and Sacrifice of Yeshua
Gold in Blue: Eternal Heavenly Presence of Yeshua
Gold in Purple: Eternal Kingship of Yeshua

These are the best examples by far of what the gold is like in each of the colored strings. This kind of string is called the Lirux string

Lurex String Lurex String


Apply these strings to the image of the different colored strings woven as posted previously, and you can get a good idea what the Ephod really looks like (just add some sun shades, a disco ball and........ never mind).



Verses twenty two and twenty three

22 And made ta-the Robe of the Ephod of a work of a weaver, all of blue. 23 And the mouth of the Robe was in his midst as the mouth of a habergeon (sleevless coat of armored mail), a lip was around his mouth, shall not be torn.

The "lip" and the "mouth" of the garment are a representations and symbols of the Word of hwhy being "spoken" forth through the "lips" and the "mouth" of the High Priest's garment.

This is a rough sketch of the mouth and lip of the blue robe

Blue Robe


Based on the Blue Robe, if we take it at its word, this is the key garment that would nullify one as the High Priest, otherwise, 
hwhy would not have made a big deal about it to make it so that it would not rent. This is a key example in the Gospels regarding the High Priest's garment being rent

Matthew 26:65 Then the High Priest rent his clothes, saying, He hath spoken blasphemy; what further need have we of witnesses? behold, now ye have heard His blasphemy.

Mark 14:63 Then the High Priest rent his clothes, and saith, What need we any further witnesses?

This was Caiaphas, who was the current High Priest until he rented his High Priest Garment, the unseamed Blue Robe, then Yeshua took over the High Priesthood.

Also, when Caiaphas "rented" his Garment, he did it at the "lip" and "mouth" of the garment. In other words, Caiaphas destroyed the lip and mouth that speaks the Word of 
hwhy, thus nullifying the garments ability to "speak" the Word through the High Priest Garment. It is just as well that Caiaphas rented his "lip" and "mouth", because he was speaking against the Word of hwhy.

The next scene is Yeshua's garment without seam occurred at His crucifixion, noted in the Gospel of John

John 19:23 Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Yeshua, took His garments, and made four parts, to every soldier a part; and also His coat: now the coat was without seam, woven from the top throughout. 24 They said therefore among themselves, Let us not rend it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be: that the scripture might be fulfilled, which saith, They parted my raiment among them, and for my vesture they did cast lots. These things therefore the soldiers did.


The scripture source in verse twenty four came from Psalms

Psalms 22:18 They part my garments among them, and cast lots upon my vesture.

When Yeshua cried out "Eli, Eli, lama azav-tani", He was crying out to read Psalms chapter twenty two, verse one, because things in the Psalms chapter were being fulfilled at the crucifixion like the parting of the garments in this Psalms verse.

Yeshua's garment, now the High Priest garment, could not be rent, because that would mean the true Word of 
hwhy would not be spoken with all that Yeshua spoke. So the lip and mouth of the garment was kept "in tact". Since then, there has not been another "legitimate High Priest" on earth, because became "the Eternal High Priest".

Hebrews 4:14 Seeing then that we have a Great High Priest, that is passed into the heavens, Jesus the Son of Elohim, let us hold fast our profession.

Hebrews 5:5 So also Messiah glorified not Himself to be made an High Priest; but He that said unto Him, Thou art My Son, to day have I begotten Thee. 6 As He saith also in another place, Thou art a Priest for ever after the Order of Melchisedec. 7 Who in the days of His Flesh, when He had offered up prayers and supplications with strong crying and tears unto Him that was able to save Him from death, and was heard in that He feared; 8 Though He were a Son, yet learned He obedience by the things which He suffered; 9 And being made perfect, He became the Author of eternal salvation unto all them that obey Him; 10 Called of 
hwhy an High Priest after the Order of Melchisedec.

No one else, even if they could prove that they are a direct descendant of the lineage of Aaron, cannot be a High Priest on earth, because Yeshua's very garment was not torn. Anyone who tries, is "illegitimate", and cannot do the High Priestly acts on a Temple Mount, in Jerusalem in the future. Only Yeshua could do that.



Verse twenty four

24 And they made upon the hem of the Robe pomegranates of blue, and purple, and worm of crimson (red), and twisted linen.

We have a problem. This is what it says in the Torah portion of T'tsavveh, in the book of Exodus

Exodus 28:33 And you shall make upon his hem pomegranates of blue, and of purple, and of worm of the crimson upon his hem around; and bells of gold in their midst around: 34 A bell of gold and a pomegranate, a bell of gold and a pomegranate upon the hem of the robe around. 35 And shall be upon Aaron for ministering: and his sound shall be heard in his going to the Sanctuary to the Face of hwhy, and in his coming out; and shall not die.

In this week's Torah portion, the twisted linen is included in making the pomegranates, but it isn't mentioned at all when noting the pomegranates in the Torah portion of T'tsavveh. Why is that? Which one is correct? If the current Torah portion is correct, why wasn't it mentioned there? If the twisted linen is not to be included, why was is noted in this week's Torah portion? Was it added, because Moses forgot to note it. Or did 
hwhy add it later on by telling Moses to include that colored thread in this week's Torah portion? If it is so, then these are the symbolic meanings of each of the colored threads:

THE SYMBOLIC MEANINGS OF THE POMEGRANATES

Blue: Heaven
Purple: Royalty

Crimson worm: Blood, Atonement, Sacrifice
Twisted linen: Righteousness (source: maranathalife.com)/Purity



Verse twenty five

25 And they made round bells of pure gold, and they put ta-the round bells in the midst of the pomegranates upon the hem of the Robe, around in the midst of the pomegranates;

The bells are not the typical bells we see in churches and cathedrals, but they are round. Also, I didn't see this until this week's Torah portion, but these round bells were made to have a metal ball inside the round bell to make a "jingle" sound, like "Jingle Bells" or the typical "Sleigh Bells".

This is an image of golden sleigh bells, and could have been a possible pattern for the golden bells for the Robe

Golden Sleigh Bells



Verses twenty seven through twenty nine

27 And they made ta-the Coats of linen, a work of a weaver, for Aaron, and for his sons, 28 And ta the Mitre of linen, and ta-the Embellished Bonnets of linen, and ta-the Breeches of flax (linen), of twisted linen, 29 And the Girdle of twisted linen, and blue, and purple, and worm of crimson (red), a work of an embroiderer; as which hwhy commanded ta-Moses.

We do not know how many Levites were dressed for the Priesthood, but we can get an idea, noted in the Torah portion of B'midbar, in the book of Numbers

Numbers 3:40 And hwhy said to Moses, Count every firstborn male of the Sons of Israel from a son of a month and upward, and take ta the number of their names. 41 And you shall take ta-the Levites for Me, I am hwhy, instead of every firstborn among the Sons of Israel; and ta-the animals of the Levites instead of every firstborn among the animals of the Sons of Israel. 42 And Moses counted, as which hwhy commanded him, ta-all the firstborn among the Sons of Israel. 43 And were all the firstborn males by the number of names, from a son of a month and upward, of their count, two and twenty thousand three and seventy and two hundred.

This count is based from a son of a month and upward of 22,273, but looking in the Torah portion of B'ha-alothkhah, in the book of Numbers, it reveals this

Numbers 8:23 And hwhy spoke to Moses, to say, 24 This is which is to the Levites: from a son of five and twenty years and upward, they shall go in to mass a campaign in the service of the Tent of Appointment: 25 And from a son of fifty years shall return from the campaign of the service, and shall not serve again:

If we can "guesstimate" the amount of Levites doing the service of the Tent of Appointment from twenty to fifty years old, it could be between 15,000 and 18,000 able to do the service. Thinking on this, of at least this amount, if not double, of the People who took the time to weave all these Priestly Garments for the Levites to do the priestly service, I do not think that there was just one change of clothing made, as we know later in the Torah, a certain amount of Priests would have to change their garments to stay unclean until the evening. A good example of that is the account of the Red Heifer, noted in the Torah portion of Khukath, in the book of Numbers

Numbers 19:7 And the Priest shall was his garments and bathe his flesh in the water, and afterward shall come to the Camp, and the Priest shall be unclean until the mixing time (evening).

We can take a rough guess of how many garments they could have made and how long it took for them to make them. If they had guaranteed two changes of garments, that would be roughly between 30,000 and 36,000 garments.



Verse thirty two


32 And all the work of the Tabernacle of the Tent of Appointment, she was finished: and the Sons of Israel, they did according to all which hwhy commanded ta-Moses, so they did.

Indirectly related, Bill Cloud of Shoreshim Ministries noted this in the book of the apostle Peter

1 Peter 2:5 Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a Spiritual House, an Holy Priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to hwhy by Yeshua, the Messiah.

because we are His Body, a.k.a. "His Tabernacle".

Bill Cloud also pointed out that the Israelites were given tasks to finish, and there was no stopping part way. He related this that we believers in Messiah are to run a spiritual race, and noted the apostle Paul in his letter to the assembly in Corinth to run the spiritual race

1 Corinthians 9:24 Know ye not that they which run in a race run all, but one receiveth the prize? So run, that ye may obtain.

Running the race is an act to fulfill the calling 
hwhy has for all of us as believers. This is the same matter for the Israelites to "finish the race" making the items to make the Tabernacle.



This chapter was for the Israelites to finish the items for the Tabernacle for Moses to erect, as it will be seen in the next chapter.







CHAPTER 40

Exodus 40:1-38

Exo 40:1 And 
hwhy spoke to Moses, to say, 2 In the day of the first month, in the one of the month, you shall raise ta-the Tabernacle of the Tent of Appointment. 3 And you shall put ta the Ark of the Testimony there, and you shall cover upon the Ark with ta-the veil. 4 And you shall bring in ta-the Table, and you shall arrange ta-his arrangement; and you shall bring in ta-the Menorah, and you shall set up ta-her Lamps. 5 And you shall put ta-the Altar of Gold for the Incense toward the face of the Ark of the Testimony, and you shall set ta-the Hanging of the Entance of the Tabernacle. 6 And you shall put ta the Altar of the Elevation Offering to the face of the Entrance of the Tabernacle of the Tent of Appointment. 7 And you shalt put ta-the Laver between the Tent of the Appointment and between the Altar, and you shall put water there. 8 And you shall set up ta-the Court all around, and you shalt put up ta-the Hanging of the Gate the Court.

9 And you shall take 
ta-the Oil of the Anointing, and you shall anoint ta-the Tabernacle and ta-all which is in him, and you shall sanctify him, and ta-all his vessels: and shall be holy. 10 And you shall anoint ta-the Altar of the Elevation Offering, and ta-all his vessels, and you shall sanctify ta-the Altar: and the Altar shall be a Holy of Holies.

11 And you shall anoint 
ta-the Laver and ta-his Base, and you shall sanctify him. 12 And you shall bring ta-Aaron and ta-his sons to the Entrance of the Tent of Appointment, and you shall wash them in the water. 13 And you shall clothe upon ta-Aaron ta the Holy Garments, and you shall anoint him, and you shall sanctify him; and shall do priestly acts for Me.

14 And you shall bring
ta-his sons, and you shall clothe them with coats: 15 And you shall anoint them as which you anointed ta-their father, and they shall do priestly acts for Me: and you shall be to be for them their anointing for a Priesthood of Ages for their generations. 16 And Moses did according to all that hwhy commanded him, so did.

17 And was, in the first month in the second year, in the one of the month, the Tabernacle was raised up. 18 And Moses raised up 
ta-the Tabernacle, and put ta-his sockets, and set up ta-his boards, and put in ta-his bars, and raised up ta-his pillars. 19 And spread out ta-the Tent over the Tabernacle, and set ta-the covering of the Tent over him above; as which hwhy commanded ta-Moses.

20 And took and put 
ta-the Testimony to the Ark, and set ta-the poles upon the Ark, and put ta-the Mercy Seat upon the Ark above: 21 And brought ta-the Ark to the Tabernacle, and set up ta the Veil of the Covering, and covered over the Ark of the Testimony; as which hwhy commanded ta-Moses.

22 And put 
ta-the Table in the Tent of the Appointment upon the side of the Tabernacle northward outside of the veil. 23 And arranged upon him of order, the Bread to the Face of hwhy; as which hwhy commanded ta-Moses.

24 And set 
ta-the Menorah in the Tent of the Appointment opposite the Table upon the side of the Tabernacle negevward (southward). 25 And put up the Lamps to the Face of hwhy; as which hwhy commanded ta-Moses.

 26 And set 
ta-the Altar of the Gold in the Tent of Appointment to the facing of the veil: 27 And burned upon him incense of sweetness; as which hwhy commanded ta-Moses.

28 And set 
ta-the Hanging of the Entrance to the Tabernacle. 29 And was there ta the Altar of the Elevation Offering at the Entrance of the Tabernacle of the Tent of the Appointment, and elevated upon him ta-the Elevation Offering and ta-the Food Offering; as which hwhy commanded ta-Moses.

30 And set 
ta-the Laver between the Tent of the Appointment and between the Altar, and put there water for washing. 31 And Moses and Aaron and his sons, they washed ta-their hands and ta-their feet: 32 In their coming to the Tent of Appointment, and in their coming near to the Altar, and they washed; as which hwhy commanded ta-Moses.

33 And raised up 
ta-the Court around of the Tabernacle and of the Altar, and put ta-the Hanging of the Gate of the Court. And Moses finished ta-the work.

34 And the Cloud covered 
ta-the Tent of the Appointment, and the Glory of hwhy filled ta-the Tabernacle. 35 And Moses was not able to go to the Tent of the Appointment, for the Cloud dwelt upon him, and the Glory of hwhy filled ta-the Tabernacle. 36 And in the ascending of the Cloud over the Tabernacle, and the Sons of Israel, they pulled up in all their journeys: 37 And if the Cloud did not ascend, and they did not pull up until the day of His ascending. 38 For the Cloud of hwhy was upon the Tabernacle daily, and fire, she was on him by night to the eyes of all the House of Israel, in all their journeys.


(Note: Not all verses will have comments).


Verses one and two

1 And hwhy spoke to Moses, to say, 2 In the day of the first month, in the one of the month, you shall raise ta-the Tabernacle of the Tent of Appointment.

Moses was told to start erecting the Tabernacle, starting on the first day of the first month in the second year which is the Biblical month of Aviv/Nissan. Why did 
hwhy pick this particular day to start erect the Tabernacle? Because hwhy was saying to Moses that He wanted to start the Biblical New Year by having the Tabernacle erected. I did a brief teaching that the Biblical New Year did not start in the seventh month with scriptural proof. You can find it on the Holidays and Holy Days link, under the title "Rosh HaShanah, The Biblical New Year?" by clicking the link below

ROSH HASHANAH, THE BIBLICAL NEW YEAR?



Verse fifteen

15 And you shall anoint them as which you anointed ta-their father, and they shall do priestly acts for Me: and you shall be to be for them their anointing for a Priesthood of Ages for their generations.

What this says is that Moses (Moshe in Hebrew), is the Messiah (Moshiakh, in Hebrew which is Moshe in full name) who is "the Anointed One", which is what the Messiah means, for us in Messiah who are preists, as noted in John's letter in the book of Revelation

Revelation 1:5 And from Yeshua Messsiah, who is the Faithful Witness, and the First Begotten of the dead, and the Prince of the kings of the earth. Unto Him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in His own Blood, 6 And hath made us kings and priests unto hwhy and His Father; to Him be glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.



Verse seventeen

17 And was, in the first month in the second year, in the one of the month, the Tabernacle was raised up.

In my opinion, it looks like that Moses wasn't the only one to raise the Tabernacle, but had help most likely from his Levitical relatives who would be the priests for the Tabernacle, because based on verses one and two, Moses had the Tabernacle within one day's time, within twenty four hours before the sunset to begin the second day.

Monte Judah of Lion and Lamb Ministries noted that this was the one year anniversary, but it wasn't when they left Egypt. It was this account taken in the book of Exodus

Exodus 12:1 And hwhy spoke to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, to say, 2 This month shall be to you the head of months: he shall be the first to you for the months of the year.

This is the same day, one year earlier, 
hwhy told Moses to begin the Biblical New Year in this first month of Aviv.

Also, after their arrival to Mount Sinai at the fifteenth day of the third month in the first year, they settled there for nine and a half months, 285 days, by the time Moses started to set up the Tabernacle.



Verse thirty three

33 And raised up ta-the Court around of the Tabernacle and of the Altar, and put ta-the Hanging of the Gate of the Court. And Moses finished ta-the work.

There is no mention in how long it took Moses to finish setting up the Tabernacle. I wished 
hwhy allowed that to be revealed. As I noted, he could not have done it by himself. He had to have help with his Levitical brothers in assembling it.

Bill Cloud of Shoreshim Ministries compared this week's Torah portion passage to when hwhy finished creation, as noted in the Torah portion of B'reyshith, in the book of Genesis

Genesis 2:1 And they were finished: the heavens and the earth and all their host. 2 And in the seventh day, Elohim finished His work that was made, and rested on the seventh day from all His work that was made. 3 And Elohim blessed ta-the seventh day and sanctified him, for on him rested from all His work which Elohim created for the making.

As 
hwhy created the Heavens and the Earth and finished, so did Moses erected the Tabernacle and was finished.

Bill Cloud also compared this Torah passage to a verse in the Gospel of John

John 1:14 And the Word was made Flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld His Glory, the Glory as of the Only Begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.



Verses thirty four and thirty five

34 And the Cloud covered ta-the Tent of the Appointment, and the Glory of hwhy filled ta-the Tabernacle. 35 And Moses was not able to go to the Tent of the Appointment, for the Cloud dwelt upon him, and the Glory of hwhy filled ta-the Tabernacle.

Mark Biltz of El Shaddai Ministries compared this Torah portion's passage to Solomon's Temple in the book of the Kings

1 Kings 6:1 And it came to pass in the four hundred and eightieth year after the Sons of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon's reign over Israel, in the month Zif, which is the second month, that he began to build the House of hwhy.... 37 In the fourth year was the foundation of the House of hwhy laid, in the month Zif: 38 And in the eleventh year, in the month Bul, which is the eighth month, was the House finished throughout all the parts thereof, and according to all the fashion of it. So was he seven years in building it.

7:51 So was ended all the work that king Solomon made for the House of 
hwhy. And Solomon brought in ta-the Holy Things of David his father; even ta-the silver, and ta-the gold, and ta-the vessels, did he put among the treasures of the House of hwhy....

8:10 And it came to pass, when the Priests were come out of the Sanctuary (Holy Place), that the Cloud filled
ta-the House of hwhy, 11 So that the Priests could not stand to minister because of the Cloud: for the Glory of hwhy had filled ta-the House of hwhy.

Bill Cloud of Shoreshim Ministries
also compared this week's Torah portion passage to a verse in the Gospel of John

John 1:14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the Only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.



NON-VERSED COMMENTS

This phrase

...as which hwhy commanded ta-Moses

is mentioned seven times in this chapter. Overall, it was mentioned fourteen times in this week's Torah portion

Also the phrase

...you shall...

is mentioned thirty times in this chapter. It is commonly accepted that this number is the same age that Yeshua started His ministry.

Bill Cloud of Shoreshim Ministries noted the reason that Moses was to be the one to erect and finish the Tabernacle, because 
hwhy gave the patterns of the items for the Tabernacle to him to build it.



This is a comparison chart between the order 
hwhy gave to Moses to make the Tent, the furniture and the High Priest/regular Priests' garments:

GREEN: Tabernacle Items
ORANGE: Tent Furniture Items
BLUE: High Priest/Regular Priests' Garment Items

(NOTE: THIS IS STILL UNDER CONSTRUCTION)

Order of the items hwhy gave to Moses at Mount Sinai in the book of
Exodus chapters 25-28
Order they made the items at Mount Sinai in the book of
Exodus chapters 35-39
1. Ark 1. Ten Curtains
2. Mercy Seat  2. Red Rams Skins
3. Cherubims 3. Antelope Skins
4. Table of Bread Of Faces 4. Boards
5. The Menorah 5. Sockets
6. Seven Lamps and Its Vessels 6. Pins
7. Ten Curtains 7. Corner Boards
8. Red Rams Skins 8. Bars
9. Antelope Skins 9. Inner Veil
10. Boards 10. Four Pillars
11. Inner Veil 11. Entrance Veil
12. Four Pillars 12. Five Pillars
13. Entrance Veil 13. Ark
14. Five Pillars 14. Mercy Seat
15. Copper Altar 15. Cherubims
16. Outer Court 16. Table of Bread of Faces
17. Outer Court Gate 17. The Menorah
18. Oil for the Lamps 18. Seven Lamps and Its Vessels
19. High Priest Ephod and Shoulder Pieces 19. Incense Altar
20. Two Onyx Stones 20. Anointing Oil
21. Breast Pocket/Twelve Stones 21. Sweet Incense
22. Urim and Thummim 22. Copper Altar
23. Robe of the Ephod 23. Copper Laver
24. Bells and Pomegranates 24. Outer Court
25. High Priest Head Mitre 25. Outer Court Gate
26. Coat of Linen 26. High Priest Ephod and Shoulder Pieces
27. Regular Priests' Coats 27. Two Onyx Stones
28. Regular Priests' Girdles 28. Breast Pocket/Twelve Stones
29. Regular Priests' Bonnets 29. Robe of the Ephod
30. Breeches for High Priest and Regular Priests 30. Bells and Pomegranates
31. Incense Altar 31. Regular Priests' Coats and Bonnets
32. Copper Altar 32. Breeches for High Priest and Regular Priests
33. Annointing Oil 33. Regular Priests' Girdles
34. Sweet Incense 34. High Priest Head Mitre

Notice in comparing the order in these two lists that the items did not stay in the same order that 
hwhy told to Moses.

The three items not mentioned in Exodus chapters 35-39 the making process that 
hwhy said for Moses to make was the oil for the Lamps, the Urim and the Thummim and the High Priest Head Mitre. Why were they not mentioned when they were making the Tabernacle? They were mentioned in the preparation and after it was finished, but not during the making process. I don't have an answer to that at this time.

Did 
hwhy have a reason not mentioning these three during the constructive process? I do not have the answer at this time.

Rico Cortes of Wisdom in Torah Ministries said in 2011's Torah portion of Vay-yak-heyl that the pagan temples and the Roman churches positioned the entrances of their buildings on the "west end", making the people and priests look toward the direction of the sun rising- looking at the creation of 
hwhy. Whereas hwhy's Tabernacle entrance is positioned in the "east end" where the High Priest looks away from the position of the sun rising toward hwhy, looking at the Creator.

Rico Cortes also said that in an Egyptian camp, the king would be in center of the camp, a means of physical presence, and the king being in the center would be protected the most. But in the camp of Israel,
hwhy would be in the center of the Tabernacle, but based on Numbers chapter two, instead of armed personnel to defend the unseen king, it would be "unarmed priests". Thank you Rico.



For your information, the time frame from Exodus 1:1 to 40:38 was between 90 and 100 years.



Monte Judah of Lion and Lamb Ministries noted that the word "did", in this Torah portion, is also the same for, a portion of the time, "made".

Looking at the word DID

The Hebrew word for did is "asah"- Ayin, Shin, Heh (
hse). It is from Strong's Concordance number 6213, and its definition

A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application: - accomplish, advance, appoint, apt, be at, become, bear, bestow, bring forth, bruise, be busy, X certainly, have the charge of, commit, deal (with), deck, + displease, do, (ready) dress (-ed), (put in) execute (-ion), exercise, fashion, + feast, [fight-] ing man, + finish, fit, fly, follow, fulfil, furnish, gather, get, go about, govern, grant, great, + hinder, hold ([a feast]), X indeed, + be industrious, + journey, keep, labour, maintain, make, be meet, observe, be occupied, offer, + officer, pare, bring (come) to pass, perform, practise, prepare, procure, provide, put, requite, X sacrifice, serve, set, shew, X sin, spend, X surely, take, X thoroughly, trim, X very, + vex, be [warr-] ior, work (-man), yield, use.

Monte noted that this word is a word that shows an act of process, meaning that it is "ongoing" at the moment.



Overall, this Tabernacle is symbolic of Yeshua, the Living Tabernacle who came down and dwelt, or "tabernacled" among us, as noted in the Gospel of John

John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with Elohim, and the Word was Elohim. 2 The Same was in the beginning with Elohim. 3 All things were made by Him; and without Him was not any thing made that was made.... 14 And the Word was made Flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld His Glory, the Glory as of the Only Begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.

Looking at the word DWELT

The Greek word for did is "skeynoh-oh" (skhnow). It is from Strong's Concordance number 4637, and its definition

From G4636; to tent or encamp, that is, (figuratively) to occupy (as a mansion) or (specifically) to reside (as God did in the Tabernacle of old, a symbol fo protection and communion): - dwell.


from 4636 "skeynohs" (skhnoj), and its definition

From G4633; a hut or temporary residence, that is, (figuratively) the human body (as the abode of the spirit): - tabernacle.


from 4633 "skeyney" (skhnh), and its definition

Apparently akin to G4632 and G4639; a tent or cloth hut (literally or figuratively): - habitation, tabernacle.

from 4632 "skey-oos" (skhow=j), and its definition

Of uncertain affinity; a vessel, implement, equipment or apparatus (literally or figuratively [specifically a wife as contributing to the usefulness of the husband]): - goods, sail, stuff, vessel.

This is where we get our modern English word "skin".

Yeshua's Tabernacle, symbolic of the Tabernacle of Moses, was His "Skin".


Mark Biltz of El Shaddai Ministries noted that the Tabernacle will be built in Jerusalem for the 1,000 year "Shabbatical reign" of Yeshua on earth, as John noted in the book of Revelation

Revelation 21:1 And I saw a new heavens and a new earth: for the first heavens and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea. 2 And I, John, saw the Holy City, new Jerusalem, coming down from hwhy out of the heavens, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. 3 And I heard a great voice out of the heavens saying, Behold, the Tabernacle of hwhy is with men, and He will dwell with them, and they shall be His People, and hwhy, Himself, shall be with them, and be their Elohim.



You can find all the information that I wrote about the Tent of Appointment and the vessels for it, as well as the priests' garments in the Torah portions of T'rumah and T'tsavveh. You can click the links below to get to the webpages.

T'RUMAH

T'TSAVVEH




That ends this week's Torah portion commentary.



This also ends the book of Exodus

Exodus Baby

Don't cry. We will read you again next year, 
hwhy willing.



!qzxtnw !qzx !qzx

"Khazak! Khazak! V'neeth-khazeyk!"

"BE STRONG! BE STRONG! AND MAY WE BE STRENGTHENED!"




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