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Starting with 2nd Samuel, David said this regarding the angel smiting Israel, because David did an enumeration against the commandment of 

2 Samuel 24:17 And David spake unto hwhy when he saw ta-the angel that smote the people, and said, Lo, I have sinned, and I have done wickedly: but these sheep, what have they done? let thine hand, I pray thee, be against me, and against my father's house.

Why would David include his request that the angel's hand be against the father's house? Maybe it is what David said earlier in his Kingship, when he said this to 
hwhy, in the book of Psalms

Psalms 51:5 Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me.

David said this, when he sinned taking Bathseba, while her husband was still alive, and plotted to kill him, in the hottest part of the battle. But this is not about his sinning. This is about David and his early background. We come to that verse in Psalms to ask ourselves "How did David's mother conceive him in sin"? Starting with David's mother.


Did you know that David was a son of a handmaid? David mentioned the clearest example of it in Psalms 116:16

Psalms 116:16 hwhy, truly I am thy servant; I am thy servant, and the son of thine handmaid:...

This scripture reveals that David was a son of a handmaid. We can figure out what hair color was most likely David mother's color, based in 1 Samuel 16:12 and 17:42

1 Samuel 16:10 Again, Jesse made seven of his sons to pass before Samuel. And Samuel said unto Jesse, hwhy hath not chosen these. 11 And Samuel said unto Jesse, Are here all thy children? And he said, There remaineth yet the youngest, and, behold, he keepeth the sheep. And Samuel said unto Jesse, Send and fetch him: for we will not sit down till he come hither. 12 And he sent, and brought him in. Now he was ruddy, and withal of a beautiful countenance, and goodly to look to....

1 Samuel 17:
42 And when the Philistine looked about, and saw ta-David, he disdained him: for he was but a youth, and ruddy, and of a fair countenance.

Looking at the word RUDDY

The Hebrew word for ruddy is "admonee"- Aleph, Dalet, Mem, Vav, Nun, Yod (
ynwmda). It is from Strong's concordance number 132, and its definition

From H119; reddish (of the hair or the complexion): - red, ruddy.

from 119 "adahm" (
Mda), and its definition

To show blood (in the face), that is, flush or turn rosy: - be (dyed, made) red (ruddy).

David was "ruddy", meaning that he was a "red head", which most likely means that his brothers did not have red hair, because if they did, the scriptures would have made mention of it regarding them. Based on this observation, this means that David's mother was a "red head", and she was serving under his father.

Before David was conceived by her mother, Jesse's wife gave birth to all of David's seven brothers, and later in life, either died, or was still alive when Jesse went in unto his handmaid.

A question came to me, "When did the handmaid come to Jesse's home"? There are a couple of scenarios:

One- Jesse's red head handmaid was a servant to him while his wife was still alive, and could have been bought.

Two- Jesse hired the red head servant afer his wife died.

Three- Jesse's wife was given the red headed handmaid, for a handmaid as a wedding gift to her, which would be highly unlikely.

In my opinion, it was most likely while his wife was still alive. but either way, the red headed handmaid was younger than Jesse's wife.

This, we can say, is accountable: One day Jesse had a liking for the red head maidservant, and he went into her, and made her conceive, and bore a son, and called his name David. David's birth, by his father, and his mother, the red head handmaid, made him a "half-brother" to his seven brothers.

Because Jesse's red haired handmaid bore a child unto him, does that mean she became Jesse's wife? There is no scripture source to prove that, but it is most likely that she did not, and she still was as handmaid to him.

The Next question I have is "Did Jesse accepted David as his 'full-fledged' son"? The correct answer would be "no". He was accepted as his son, but he was not accepted as a full "legitimate" son, and was also treated as a servant, like his handmaid mother. This is the basic information of Jesse's family

1 Samuel 17:12 And David was the son of this Ephrathite man, from Beth Lehem, Judah, and his name was Jesse; and to him were eight sons: and the man was in the days of Saul, old, going, among men. 13 And they went, the three eldest sons of Jesse, they went and followed Saul to the battle: and the names of his three sons who went to the battle were Eliab the firstborn, and his second was Abinadab, and the third was Shammah. 14  And David, he was the youngest: and the three eldest, they went after Saul.

 For we know that David not present with the family when the Prophet Samuel came to meet the family, otherwise, Jesse would have called David to be with the family. But David was tending the sheep for his father, when the Prophet Samuel arrived to meet him.

1 Samuel 16:11 And Samuel said to Jesse, Is that the end of the young men? And he said, still remains the young one, and, behold, is tending on the sheep. And Samuel said to Jesse, Send and fetch him: for we will not encircle down until he comes here.


Another question is, "Where did David learn to play the harp? Did his mother teach him? His mother may have had some knowledge to play an instrument before she became a maidservant, or he learned the harp experience from one, or some, of the servants where were musicians at his father's estate, meaning, that Jesse was a wealthy enough person to afford musicians at his home. Whovever taught him, someone taught David to play, and it was done at his father's estate.


The next question is "How did David's brothers treat him"? We have enough scriptural information, but we can figure out that half-siblings by another mother not originally part of the household, especially not married to the father, like David as their brothers' illegitimate "half-sibling", would be treated as inferior.

David's brothers were not mentioned to do any chores, and it is proven later, when Jesse commanded David to take food to his brothers located at the battle, against Goliath and the Philistines, because David asked the keeper (another servant of Jesse) to tend the sheep for him

1 Samuel 17:20 And David rose up early in the morning, and left the sheep with a keeper, and took, and went, as Jesse had commanded him; and he came to the trench, as the host was going forth to the fight, and shouted for the battle.

Knowing that David's three eldest brothers went to battle with King Saul, notice that it didn't say that David's other five brothers tended the sheep, nor did Jesse ask one of his other five sons to take food to his elder brothers. This shows to us that David's brothers did not do any service work, and if David was accepted by his father as a "full-fledged son", he would not have done any service at all.

When the Prophet Samuel came to Jesse's house, he was to annoint one of Jesse's sons to be the future king

1 Samuel 16:1 And hwhy said unto Samuel, How long wilt thou mourn for Saul, seeing I have rejected him from reigning over Israel? fill thine horn with oil, and go, I will send thee to Jesse the Bethlehemite: for I have provided me a king among his sons. 2 And Samuel said, How can I go? if Saul hear it, he will kill me. And hwhy said, Take an heifer with thee, and say, I am come to sacrifice to hwhy. 3 And call Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will shew thee ta what thou shalt do: and thou shalt anoint unto Me him whom I name unto thee. 4 And Samuel did ta which hwhy spake, and came to Beth Lehem. And the elders of the town trembled at his coming, and said, Comest thou peaceably? 5 And he said, Peaceably: I am come to sacrifice unto hwhy: sanctify yourselves, and come with me to the sacrifice. And he sanctified ta-Jesse and ta-his sons, and called them to the sacrifice. 6 And it came to pass, when they were come, that he looked on ta-Eliab, and said, Surely hwhy'S anointed is before him. 7 But hwhy said unto Samuel, Look not on his countenance, or on the height of his stature; because I have refused him: for hwhy seeth not as man seeth; for man looketh on the outward appearance, but hwhy looketh on the heart. 8 Then Jesse called Abinadab, and made him pass before Samuel. And he said, Neither hath hwhy chosen this. 9 Then Jesse made Shammah to pass by. And he said, Neither hath hwhy chosen this. 10 Again, Jesse made seven of his sons to pass before Samuel. And Samuel said unto Jesse, hwhy hath not chosen these. 11 And Samuel said unto Jesse, Are here all thy children? And he said, There remaineth yet the youngest, and, behold, he keepeth the sheep. And Samuel said unto Jesse, Send and fetch him: for we will not sit down till he come hither. 12 And he sent, and brought him in. Now he was ruddy, and withal of a beautiful countenance, and goodly to look to. And hwhy said, Arise, anoint him: for this is he. 13 Then Samuel took ta-the horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brethren: and the Spirit of hwhy came upon David from that day forward. So Samuel rose up, and went to Ramah.

When Samuel annointed David as the future king in front of his elder "half" brothers, they became jealous and envious of him, because he was a "half servant". Later, when David brought their brothers food from home for his three brothers, their jealousy manifested. This is what happened afterwards to reveal their jealousy, via his eldest brother

1 Samuel 17:26 And David spake to the men that stood by him, saying, What shall be done to the man that killeth ta-this Philistine, and taketh away the reproach from Israel? for who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living Elohim? 27 And the people answered him after this manner, saying, So shall it be done to the man that killeth him. 28 And Eliab his eldest brother heard when he spake unto the men; and Eliab's anger was kindled against David, and he said, Why camest thou down hither? and with whom hast thou left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know ta-thy pride, and ta the evilness of thine heart; for thou art come down that thou mightest see the battle. 29 And David said, What have I now done? Is there not a cause? 30 And he turned from him toward another, and spake after the same manner: and the people answered him again after the former manner.

It became evident that David's eldest half-brother, Eliab, was upset with him, because he was asking questions from others at the battle scene, and treated David as inferior. After David slain Goliath in front of his brothers' eyes, the rest is history.

This gives us an idea of David's background, before his destiny and purpose became manifest.

I pray that this has been a blessing to you.

Any comments or questions you can contact me at




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