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Starting with 2nd Samuel, David said this regarding the angel smiting
Israel, because David did an enumeration against the commandment
2 Samuel 24:17 And David
spake unto hwhy when he saw ta-the angel that smote the
people, and said, Lo, I have sinned, and I have done wickedly: but
these sheep, what have they done? let thine hand, I pray thee, be
against me, and against my father's house.
Why would David include his request that the angel's hand be against
the father's house? Maybe it is what David said earlier in his
Kingship, when he said this to hwhy, in the book of
Psalms 51:5 Behold, I was
shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me.
David said this, when he sinned taking Bathseba, while her husband was
alive, and plotted to kill him, in the hottest part of the battle. But
this is not about his sinning. This is about David and his early
background. We come to that verse in Psalms to ask ourselves "How did
David's mother conceive him in sin"? Starting with David's mother.
WHO WAS DAVID'S MOTHER?
Did you know that David was a son of a handmaid? David mentioned the
clearest example of it in Psalms 116:16
Psalms 116:16hwhy, truly I am thy servant; I
am thy servant, and the son of thine handmaid:...
This scripture reveals that David was a son of a handmaid. We can
figure out what hair color was most likely David mother's color, based
in 1 Samuel 16:12 and
17:42 1 Samuel 16:10 Again,
Jesse made seven of his sons to pass before Samuel. And Samuel said
unto Jesse, hwhy hath not chosen these.
11 And Samuel said unto Jesse, Are here all thy children? And he
said, There remaineth yet the youngest, and, behold, he keepeth the
sheep. And Samuel said unto Jesse, Send and fetch him: for we will not
sit down till he come hither. 12 And he sent, and brought him in. Now
he was ruddy, and withal of a beautiful countenance, and goodly to look
1 Samuel 17:42 And when the
Philistine looked about, and saw ta-David, he disdained him: for
he was but a youth, and ruddy, and of a fair countenance. Looking at the word RUDDY
The Hebrew word for ruddy is
"admonee"- Aleph, Dalet, Mem, Vav, Nun, Yod (ynwmda). It is from Strong's concordance
number 132, and its definition
H119; reddish (of the hair or the complexion): - red, ruddy.
from 119 "adahm" (Mda), and its definition
show blood (in the face), that is, flush or turn rosy: - be (dyed,
made) red (ruddy).
David was "ruddy", meaning that he was a "red head", which most likely
that his brothers did not have red hair, because if they did, the
scriptures would have made mention of it regarding them. Based on this
this means that David's mother was a "red head", and she was serving
under his father.
Before David was conceived by her mother, Jesse's wife gave birth to
all of David's seven brothers, and later in life, either died, or was
still alive when Jesse went in unto his handmaid.
A question came to me, "When did the handmaid come to Jesse's home"?
There are a couple of scenarios:
One- Jesse's red head handmaid was a servant to him while his wife was
still alive, and could have been bought.
Two- Jesse hired the red head servant afer his wife died.
Three- Jesse's wife was given the red headed handmaid, for a handmaid
as a wedding gift to her, which would be highly unlikely.
In my opinion, it was most likely while his wife was still alive. but
either way, the red headed handmaid was younger than Jesse's wife.
This, we can say, is accountable: One day Jesse had a liking for the
red head maidservant, and he went into her, and made her conceive, and
bore a son, and called his name David. David's birth, by his father,
and his mother, the red head handmaid, made him a "half-brother" to his
Because Jesse's red haired handmaid bore a child unto him, does that
she became Jesse's wife? There is no scripture source to prove that,
but it is most likely that she did not, and she still was as handmaid
The Next question I have is "Did Jesse accepted David as his
'full-fledged' son"? The correct answer would be "no". He was accepted
as his son, but he was not accepted as a full "legitimate" son, and was
also treated as a servant, like his handmaid mother. This is the basic
information of Jesse's family
1 Samuel 17:12 And David was
the son of this Ephrathite man, from Beth Lehem, Judah, and his name
was Jesse; and to him were eight sons: and the man was in the days of
Saul, old, going, among men. 13 And they went, the three
eldest sons of Jesse, they went and followed Saul to the battle: and
the names of his three sons who went to the battle were Eliab the
firstborn, and his second was Abinadab, and the third was Shammah.
14 And David, he was the youngest: and the three eldest, they
went after Saul.
For we know that David not present with the family when the
Prophet Samuel came to meet the family, otherwise, Jesse would have
called David to be with the family. But David was tending the sheep for
his father, when the Prophet Samuel arrived to meet him.
1 Samuel 16:11 And Samuel
said to Jesse, Is that the end of the young men? And he said,
still remains the young one, and, behold, is tending on the sheep. And
Samuel said to Jesse, Send and fetch him: for we will not encircle
down until he comes here.
DAVID'S MUSICAL TALENT
Another question is, "Where did David learn to play the harp? Did his
mother teach him? His mother may have had some knowledge to play an
instrument before she became a maidservant, or he learned the harp
experience from one, or some, of the servants where were musicians at
his father's estate, meaning, that Jesse was a wealthy enough person to
afford musicians at his home. Whovever taught him, someone taught David
to play, and it was done at his father's estate.
The next question is "How did David's brothers treat him"? We have
enough scriptural information, but we can figure out that half-siblings
by another mother not originally part of the household, especially not
married to the father, like David as their brothers' illegitimate
"half-sibling", would be treated as inferior.
David's brothers were not mentioned to do any chores, and it is proven
later, when Jesse commanded David to take food to his brothers located
at the battle, against Goliath and the Philistines, because David asked
the keeper (another servant of Jesse) to tend the sheep for him
1 Samuel 17:20 And David
rose up early in the morning, and left the sheep with a keeper, and
took, and went, as Jesse had commanded him; and he came to the trench,
as the host was going forth to the fight, and shouted for the battle.
Knowing that David's three eldest brothers went to battle with King
Saul, notice that it didn't say that David's other five brothers tended
the sheep, nor did Jesse ask one of his other five sons to take food to
his elder brothers. This shows to us that David's brothers did not do
any service work, and if David was accepted by his father as a
"full-fledged son", he would not have done any service at all.
When the Prophet Samuel came
Jesse's house, he was to annoint one of Jesse's sons to be the future
1 Samuel 16:1 And hwhy said unto Samuel, How long
wilt thou mourn for Saul, seeing I have rejected him from reigning over
Israel? fill thine horn with oil, and go, I will send thee to Jesse the
Bethlehemite: for I have provided me a king among his sons. 2 And
Samuel said, How can I go? if Saul hear it, he will kill me. And hwhy said, Take an heifer with
thee, and say, I am come to sacrifice to hwhy. 3 And call Jesse to the
sacrifice, and I will shew thee tawhat thou shalt do: and thou
shalt anoint unto Me him whom I name unto thee. 4 And Samuel did tawhich hwhy spake, and came to Beth
Lehem. And the elders of the town trembled at his coming, and said,
Comest thou peaceably? 5 And he said, Peaceably: I am come to
sacrifice unto hwhy: sanctify yourselves, and
come with me to the sacrifice. And he sanctified ta-Jesse and ta-his sons, and called them to
the sacrifice. 6 And it came to pass, when they were come, that he
looked on ta-Eliab, and said, Surely hwhy'S anointed is before him.
7 But hwhy said unto Samuel, Look not
on his countenance, or on the height of his stature; because I have
refused him: for hwhy seeth not as man seeth; for
man looketh on the outward appearance, but hwhy looketh on the heart.
8 Then Jesse called Abinadab, and made him pass before Samuel. And
he said, Neither hath hwhy chosen this. 9 Then Jesse
made Shammah to pass by. And he said, Neither hath hwhy chosen this. 10 Again,
Jesse made seven of his sons to pass before Samuel. And Samuel said
unto Jesse, hwhy hath not chosen these. 11
And Samuel said unto Jesse, Are here all thy children? And he said,
There remaineth yet the youngest, and, behold, he keepeth the sheep.
And Samuel said unto Jesse, Send and fetch him: for we will not sit
down till he come hither. 12 And he sent, and brought him in. Now he
was ruddy, and withal of a beautiful countenance, and goodly to look
to. And hwhy said, Arise, anoint him: for
this is he. 13 Then Samuel took ta-the horn of oil, and anointed
him in the midst of his brethren: and the Spirit of hwhy came upon David from that
day forward. So Samuel rose up, and went to Ramah.
When Samuel annointed David as the
future king in front of his elder "half" brothers, they became jealous
of him, because he was a "half servant". Later, when David brought
their brothers food from home for his three brothers, their jealousy
manifested. This is what
happened afterwards to reveal their jealousy, via his eldest brother
1 Samuel 17:26 And
David spake to the men that stood by him, saying, What shall be done to
the man that killeth ta-this Philistine, and taketh
away the reproach from
Israel? for who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy
the armies of the living Elohim? 27 And the people answered him
manner, saying, So shall it be done to the man that killeth him.
Eliab his eldest brother heard when he spake unto the men; and Eliab's
anger was kindled against David, and he said, Why camest thou down
hither? and with whom hast thou left those few sheep in the wilderness?
I know ta-thy pride, and tathe evilness of thine heart;
for thou art come
down that thou mightest see the battle. 29 And David said, What
now done? Is there not a cause? 30 And he turned from him toward
another, and spake after the same manner: and the people answered him
again after the former manner.
It became evident that David's eldest half-brother, Eliab, was upset
with him, because he was asking questions from others at the battle
scene, and treated David as inferior. After David slain Goliath in
front of his brothers' eyes, the rest
This gives us an idea of David's background, before his destiny and
purpose became manifest.