AZAZEL SCAPEGOAT AND THE GOAT DEDICATED TO hwhy
This is the
commandment of the high priest regarding the azazel scapegoat and the
goat dedicated to hwhy at the Holy
Temple during Yom Kippur:
Lev 16:3 By this
shall Aaron come into the holy place: by a bullock, a son of the herd,
for a sin
offering, and a ram for an elevation offering. 4 Shall put on a holy
linen coat, and shall have linen breeches upon his flesh, and
by a linen belt shall gird, and by linen mitre shall wrap: they are
holy garments; And shall bathe ta-his flesh
in the water, and put them on.
5 And from tathe congregation
of the sons of Israel shall take two kids of the goats for a sin
one ram for an elevation offering. 6 And Aaron shall bring ta-a bullock
of the sin offering, which is
for him, and atone by unto
himself, and by unto his house. 7 And take ta-the two kids, and stand them
to the face of hwhy at the entrance of the Tent
of Appointment. 8 And Aaron shall put upon the
two kids, lots; one lot for hwhy, and one lot for the Azazel.
9 And Aaron shall bring ta-the kid upon which fell upon
him the lot for hwhy, and offer him of a sin
offering. 10 And the kid, which fell upon him the lot fell for the
Azazel, shall stand alive to the face of hwhy, to atone upon
him, and to send away him for an Azazel to the wilderness. 11 And
Aaron shall bring ta-the bullock of the sin
offering, which is for
him, and atone by unto himself, and by unto his house,
and shall slaughter ta-the bullock of the sin
offering which is for him: 12
And shall take full, of the censer, coals of fire from upon the
altar from of the face of hwhy, and his fists full of
incense of sweet
incense beaten small, and bring from the house of the vail: 13 And put
ta-the incense upon the fire to
the face of hwhy, and cover the cloud of the
incense ta-the mercy seat which is upon
the testimony, and shall not die: 14 And take from the blood of the
bullock, and sprinkle by his finger upon the face of the mercy seat
eastward; and to the face of the mercy
seat shall he sprinkle from the blood by his finger seven times. 15 And
shall kill ta-the kid of the sin offering,
which is for the
people, and the bringing of ta-his blood to with housing of
the vail, and do ta-his blood as which was done
for the blood of the bullock, and sprinkle him upon the mercy
seat, and to the face of the mercy seat: 16 And shall atone upon
the holy place, from the uncleanness of the sons of Israel,
and from their transgressions for all their sins: and so shall be done
for the Tent of Appointment, the one dwelling with them in
the midst of their uncleanness. 17 And any Adam shall not be in the
Tent of Appointment in his going to atone in
the holy place, until he comes out, and atone by unto
himself, and by unto his household, and by unto all the assembly of
18 And shall go out to the altar which is to the face of hwhy, and atone upon him; and
take from the blood of the bullock, and from the blood of the kid, and
put it upon the horns of the altar round about. 19 And sprinkle upon
him from the blood by his finger seven times, and
cleanse him, and sanctify him from the uncleanness of the sons of
20 And of ending from atoning ta-the holy place,
and ta-the Tent of Appointment, and ta-the altar, and the bringing
ta-the living kid: 21 And Aaron
shall lay ta-two of his hands upon the
the living goat, and the confessing upon him ta-all the iniquities of the
of Israel, and ta-all their transgressions of
all their sins, and put them
upon the head of the kid, and send away by the hand of a fit-timely man
to the wilderness: 22 And bear the kid upon him ta-all their
iniquities to a land uninhabited: and send ta-the kid in
23 And Aaron shall come to the Tent of Appointment, and shall strip off
ta-the linen garments, which was
clothed, in his going to the holy place, and leave them there: 24 And
bathe ta-his flesh in the water in the
holy place, and clothe ta-his
garments, and come out, and offer ta-his elevation offering, and ta-an elevation
offering of the people, and atone by unto him, and by unto the
people. 25 And ta-the kheylev fat of the sin
offering shall he burn as incense to the
26 And the the one sending ta-the kid for the Azazel shall
wash his garments, and bathe ta-his flesh in the water, and
after thus shall come to the
27 And tathe bullock of the sin
offering, and ta-the kid of the sin
offering, which was the bringing of ta-their blood to atone in the
place, shall carry to with outside of the camp; and they shall burn in
the fire ta-their skins, and ta-their flesh, and ta-their dung. 28 And the one
burning them shall wash his garments, and bathe ta-his flesh in the water, and
after thus shall come to the camp.
29 And this she shall be for you a statute of ages: in the seventh
month, in the tenth of the
month, ye shall afflict ta-your souls, and any work you
shall not do, the native, and the stranger that is strangering in your
For in this day shall atone upon you, to cleanse
you, from all your sins to the face of hwhy, you shall be clean. 31 She
is a shabbath of
rest to you, and ye shall afflict ta-your souls, a statute of ages.
32 And the priest shall atone, whom shall anoint him, and whom shall
consecrate ta-his hand to act as priest
instead of his father, shall clothe ta-the linen garments, the holy
garments: 33 And atone ta-the holy sanctuary, and ta-the Tent of Appointment and ta-the altar shall atone, and
upon the priests and upon all the people of the assembly shall atone.
34 And this she shall be, to you, for a statute of ages to atone upon
the sons of Israel from all of their sins once in the year. And did as
which hwhy commanded ta-Moses.
The Aleph-Tavs were mostly on the goat dedicated to hwhy.
There is a reason for this.
to the Torah, the Azazel, or scapegoat, was to take on the
sins of the
Israelites to be taken to away from the camp to die.
Fast forward to
Passover day where Yeshua was with Pilate. Pilate, every year on
Passover, lets the Jewish people choose one person to go free. Pilate
chose one of them to be Yeshua, and he chose another person named
Barabbas, who was a notorious murderer via insurrection.
was the Son of the
Father. He would have been
called "Bar Abba", meaning son of the father, and Barabbas' name in
Hebrew was "Bar Abba". Yeshua and Barabbas, the "Two Bar Abbas" were
the two goats for Yom Kippur.
In the Gospels, the majority of the people wanted Barabbas released,
Pilate honored. Based on this decision, between the two symbolic goats
for Yom Kippur, that would make Barabbas the
Scapegoat and Yeshua dedicated to hwhy.
That means that
Barabbas would have to take on the sins of the people.
There was one catch that the Jews, especially the Pharisees and the
Saducees, did not realize. Or did they?
hours earlier during the night,
confronted with Caiaphas, the high priest at the
time, and he rented his high priest garment. According to the Torah,
when Caiaphas rented his garment, he disqualified himself as the high
Guess who was next in line for the high priesthood? It was not
Caiaphas' relative, but by right, it should have gone to Jonathan the
Baptist. Jonathan was the son of a legitimate priest:
1:5 In the days of
Herod, king of Judea, there was a priest named Zechariah, of the
division of Abijah. And he had a wife from the daughters of Aaron, and
her name was Elizabeth. 6 And they were both righteous before hwhy, walking
blamelessly in all
the commandments and statutes of hwhy.
Elizabeth was of the line of Aaron, which means her son, John the
Baptist, was of the line of Aaron, and based on the account would have
been next in line to the high priesthood.
Abijah, John's father, was descended from one of the priests that
returned to Jerusalem from Babylonian
12:1 These are the
priests and the Levites who came up with Zerubbabel the son of
Shealtiel, and Jeshua: Seraiah, Jeremiah, Ezra, 2 Amariah,
Malluch, Hattush, 3 Shecaniah, Rehum, Meremoth, 4 Iddo, Ginnethoi, Abijah,...
7...These were the chiefs of the priests and of their brothers in the
days of Jeshua.
Baptist was of the priestly line of Abijah as well.
Johnathon was beheaded by Herod. However there was a relative close to
him. Elizabeth, of the line of Aaron, had a Levitical cousin, and her
name was Mary.
She bore her firstborn son...Yeshua. He became the next in line, by
right, to obtain the role of high priest. When Caiaphas nullified
himself by tearing his high priest garment, Yeshua became the new high
There is one requirement in the Torah for the high priest:
Num 18:1 So hwhy said to
Aaron, "You and your
sons and your father's house with you shall bear ta-iniquity
connected with the
sanctuary, and you and your sons with you shall bear ta-iniquity
connected with your
the line of Aaron and his sons were to bear these iniquities (iniquity
means the provision to sin, not sin itself).
Therefore, Yeshua was of the line
of Aaron's family. That means when Yeshua took over the high
priesthood, He bore the iniquities connected with the sanctuary and the
priesthood. The high priest bore the iniquities and sins from the
sacrifices that were offered up to hwhy,
and those elements
represented the sins and iniquities of the Israelites. The priests ate
some of the
elements that bear the iniquities and sins. Therefore, they bore them,
and now Yeshua, the current High Priest, bore their iniquities and
their sins. He was the
goat dedicated to hwhy,
and being High Priest, He bore the
sins and iniquities, and not the scapegoat. Remember that Yeshua was
not born in the line of Judah via Joseph, but was legally adopted into
So when Barabbas became the Azazel scapegoat, did he take on the
sins and iniquities for the people according to the Torah of the
scapegoat? No, he did not. Did he die according to the Torah of the
scapegoat? No, he did not. Barabbas did not die that day, and he did
not take on the
sins, as would have been required for the role of the scapegoat.
Yeshua became the goat dedicated to hwhy,
but He also bore
the iniquities and sins that the scapegoat, Barabbas, should have
taken, and took them to the cross and
crucified them there. Thus Yeshua altered the process for the Yom
ritual for the High Priest regarding the two goats. Yeshua did all of
this on Passover.
Also, There was a reason the curtain at the temple was rent
Mat 27:50 And Yeshua
cried out again with a loud voice and yielded up his spirit. 51 And
behold, the curtain of the temple was torn in two, from top to
was Yeshua's latest title before being crucified? The High Priest. That
curtain was to cover the entrance while the high priest was to do his
duty during Yom Kippur. When that curtain was rent, Yeshua was saying
to them that He is the High Priest and He is the only one that can do
the temple ceremonies on Yom Kippur. But since I am not going to be
here, I will rent the curtain
as a token stating that the high priest's
services on Yom Kippur will not be honored here again.
After Yeshua died and was resurrected,
when Yom Kippur came later that year and the next thirty nine years-
the Yom Kippur ritual could not be honored, because Yeshua
was the current High Priest, and He was residing in the Kingdom of
Heaven and not in Jerusalem. Those that were high priests in Jerusalem,
after Yeshua's death and
resurrection, were illegitimate to do the Yom Kippur activities
hereafter. Only Yeshua could do it. That is why the scarlet thread did
not turn into white, and that is why the lot to hwhy
was in the wrong hand.
This is the account of it in the Rabbinical writings regarding the two
years before the destruction of the
Temple, the western light went out, the crimson thread remained
crimson, and the lot for the Lord always came up in the left hand. They
would close the gates of the Temple by night and get up in the morning
and find them wide open" (Jacob Neusner, The Yerushalmi, p.156-157).
During the last forty years before the destruction of the Temple the
lot ['For the Lord'] did not come up in the right hand; nor did the
crimson-colored strap become white; nor did the western most light
shine; and the doors of the Hekel [Temple] would open by themselves"
(Soncino version, Yoma 39b).
Rico Cortes of Wisdom in
was asked by a Rabbi years ago why Yeshua was not sacrificed in the
temple if He was considered the symbolic goat dedicated to hwhy.
He thought of it for a while while he was
away and returned back a time later and responded that He was a
sacrifice for the individual sins.
He is correct on that.
I want to add that Yeshua
was a human being and not an animal. If He was sacrificed at the
temple, He would have
defiled the temple and nullify Himself as the Messiah.
will also say that
defiled the temple and nullify Himself as the Messiah. He also could
not be a Yom Kippur
sacrifice, because He
became the current High Priest on Passover before He was crucified, and
a high priest cannot kill himself, especially on Yom Kippur.
want to end on a statement that Ralph Messer from one of his emails
regarding Yom Kippur that I thought was enlightening:
Kippur is commemorated as a solemn day of fasting and prayer,
repentance and forgiveness, and atonement by blood. In Hebraic thought,
your future is not contingent upon your past. Therefore, at Yom Kippur,
repentance is made for future sins of the upcoming year, not past sins.
When the temptation to sin presents itself to you, the prayers of
repentance from Yom Kippur go before you and help you resist the sin.
You literally experience God going before you to defeat sin in your
He is saying that Yom Kippur is to atone for future sins. This is just
what Yeshua did by symbolically being the goat dedicated to hwhyand
took the sins to
atone for us by His Blood.
When He died on the
cross, He paid the price for past sins, but He also died playing the
role of the goat dedicated to hwhy
for future sins. He
not just for His generation but for future generations as well.
Ever since Yeshua became our current High Priest, He has been
continuing to atone for our sins
every year on the tenth day of the seventh month in the Kingdom of